This repository contains an experimental Swift gRPC API and code generator.
It is intended for use with Apple's
support for Protocol Buffers. Both projects contain
code generation plugins for
Protocol Buffer compiler, and both contain libraries
of supporting code that is needed to build and run
the generated code.
APIs and generated code is provided for both gRPC clients and servers, and can be built either with Xcode or the Swift Package Manager. Support is provided for all four gRPC API styles (Unary, Server Streaming, Client Streaming, and Bidirectional Streaming) and connections can be made either over secure (TLS) or insecure channels.
The Echo example provides a comprehensive demonstration of currently-supported features.
Swift gRPC is currently available from CocoaPods.
To integrate, add the following line to your
pod install from command line and use your project's generated
When not using CocoaPods, Swift gRPC includes vendored copies of the gRPC Core library and BoringSSL (an OpenSSL fork that is used by the gRPC Core). These are built automatically in Swift Package Manager builds.
After building your project, add the generated
SwiftGRPC.xcodeproj to your project, and add build dependencies
on BoringSSL, CgRPC, and SwiftGRPC.
See Echo for a working Xcode-based example, and don't hesitate to file issues if you find any problems.
The recommended way to use Swift gRPC is to first define an API using the Protocol Buffer language and then use the Protocol Buffer Compiler and the Swift Protobuf and Swift gRPC plugins to generate the necessary support code.
Getting the plugins
Binary releases of
protoc, the Protocol Buffer Compiler, are
available on GitHub.
To build the plugins, run
make plugin in the main directory.
This uses the Swift Package Manager to build both of the necessary
protoc-gen-swift, which generates Protocol Buffer support code
protoc-gen-swiftgrpc, which generates gRPC interface code.
To install these plugins, just copy the two executables (
protoc-gen-swiftgrpc) that show up in the main directory into a directory that is part of your
PATH environment variable.
Using the plugins
To use the plugins,
protoc and both plugins should be in your
search path (see above). Invoke them with commands like the following:
protoc <your proto files> \ --swift_out=. \ --swiftgrpc_out=.
By convention the
--swift_out option invokes the
To pass extra parameters to the plugin, use a comma-separated parameter list separated from the output directory by a colon.
| Flag | Values | Default | Description |
Internal | ACL of generated code |
true | Whether to generate server code |
true | Whether to generate client code |
true | Whether to generate asynchronous code |
true | Whether to generate synchronous code |
true | Whether to generate protocols and non-test service code. Toggling this to
false is mostly useful when combined with
TestStubs=true to generate files containing only test stub code |
false | Whether to generate test stub code |
FullPath | How to handle the naming of generated sources |
String | `` | Extra module to import in generated code. This parameter may be included multiple times to import more than one module |
$ protoc <your proto> --swiftgrpc_out=Client=true,Server=false:.
Building your project
grpc-swift development is done with the Swift Package Manager.
For usage in Xcode projects, we rely on the
swift package generate-xcodeproj
command to generate an Xcode project for the
grpc-swift core libraries.
The top-level Makefile uses the Swift Package Manager to generate an Xcode project for the SwiftGRPC package:
$ make && make project
This will create
SwiftGRPC.xcodeproj, which you should
add to your project, along with setting the necessary build dependencies
While the recommended way to use gRPC is with Protocol Buffers and generated code, at its core gRPC is a powerful HTTP/2-based communication system that can support arbitrary payloads. As such, each gRPC library includes low-level interfaces that can be used to directly build API clients and servers with no generated code. For an example of this in Swift, please see the Simple example.
The SwiftGRPC implementation that is backed by gRPC-Core (and not SwiftNIO) is known to have some connectivity issues on iOS clients - namely, silently disconnecting (making it seem like active calls/connections are hanging) when switching between wifi <> cellular or between cellular technologies (3G <> LTE). The root cause of these problems is that the backing gRPC-Core doesn't get the optimizations made by iOS' networking stack when these types of changes occur, and isn't able to handle them itself.
There is also documentation of this behavior in this gRPC-Core readme.
To aid in this problem, there is a
that monitors the device for events that can cause gRPC to disconnect silently. We recommend utilizing this component to
shutdown() (or destroy) any active
Channel instances, and start new ones when the network is reachable.
on channels is also encouraged.
- Switching between wifi <> cellular: Channels silently disconnect
- Switching between 3G <> LTE (etc.): Channels silently disconnect
- Network becoming unreachable: Most times channels will time out after a few seconds, but
ClientNetworkMonitorwill notify of these changes much faster
- Switching between background <> foreground: No known issues
Original SwiftGRPC issue: https://github.com/grpc/grpc-swift/issues/337.
Having build problems?
grpc-swift depends on Swift, Xcode, and swift-protobuf. We are currently testing with the following versions:
- Xcode 10.2
- Swift 4.2 / 5.0
- swift-protobuf 1.5.0
SwiftGRPCNIO is a clean-room implementation of the gRPC protocol on top of the
SwiftNIO library. This implementation is not yet production-ready as it lacks several things recommended for production use:
- Better test coverage
- Full error handling
- SSL support
- Client support
- Example projects
- iOS support
- Removal of the
However, if you are planning to implement a gRPC service based on
SwiftNIO or the Vapor framework, you might find this package useful. In addition, once ready, this package should provide more predictable and reliable behavior in the future, combined with an improved API and better developer experience.
You may also want to have a look at this presentation for more details on the motivation for this package.
Please get involved! See our guidelines for contributing.
When issuing a new release, the following steps should be followed:
Run the CocoaPods linter to ensure that there are no new warnings/errors:
$ pod spec lint SwiftGRPC.podspec
Update the Carthage Xcode project (diff will need to be checked in with the version bump):
$ make project-carthage
Bump the version in the
Merge these changes, then create a new
Tag. Be sure to include a list of changes in the message
Push the update to the CocoaPods specs repo:
$ pod trunk push
Help us keep the lights on
1.0.0-alpha.4 - Aug 20, 2019
- Increase the minimum required version of NIOSSL (#559)
- Increase the minimum required version of NIOHTTP/2 (#548)
- Implement the connection backoff interoperability test (#557)
- Default to using backoff for making connections (#554)
- Make the connection backoff iterator continually produce backoff (#554)
- Fix a rare thread safety issue in tests (#551)
- Add server logging (#547)
- Use protoToModuleMappings in input/output names (#555)
- Package structure updates, typo fixes, dead code removal (#558, #556, #549, #546, #544)
1.0.0-alpha.3 - Aug 7, 2019
- Add sendMessages and flush to StreamingRequestClientCall (#538)
- Fix building for 32-bit architectures (#535)
- Disable static stdlib linking. (#533)
- Fix typo in metadata key for server-hostname (#531)
1.0.0-alpha.2 - Jul 25, 2019
- Provide restricted TLS configurations (#513)
- Rename GRPCNIO to PlatformSupport (#522)
onNextfrom connectivity state delegate (#506)
- Add client-side logging with swift-log (#514)
- Delay creating event observers for client streaming calls (#523)
- Fallback to the hostname for TLS if a hostname override isn't provided (#528)
- Improvements to connectivity state management (#510, #529)
- Avoid a conformance error in the interoperability test CLI when used with SwiftUI (#518)
- Test fixes and improvents (#503, #524, #527, #521)
- Typo fixes (#512)
- Provide a git commit template. (#508, #509)
- Revert to Apache 2.0 license verbatim [skip ci] (#504)
- Add missing copyright headers (#505)
0.9.1 - Jul 5, 2019
Relevant for library users:
- Support tvOS (#446)
- Improve Carthage compatibility (#493)
- Avoid linking nghttp2 in Carthage project (#450)
- Fix two memory leaks and update a link in the README. (#501)
- Fix a compiler warning. (#499)
- Fix libtool warning when compiling with bazel (#447)
Less visible changes:
- Update the test certificates and increase their validity to 10 years. (#494)
- Add a swift_versions flag to the Podspec. (#500)
- Revert to Apache 2.0 license verbatim (#498)
- Update README.md for examples to point to correct folders (#473)
1.0.0-alpha.1 - Jun 21, 2019
First "official" preview of SwiftGRPC based on SwiftNIOHTTP2. See
README.md for a guide to the library's new interface.