Swiftpack.co - Package - webpro/release-it

Release It! 🚀

CLI release tool for Git repos and npm packages.

Release It! automates the tedious tasks of software releases:

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Table of Contents (click to expand)

💾 Installation

Global

As a globally available CLI tool:

npm install --global release-it

Local

As a devDependency in your project:

npm install --save-dev release-it

Add this as a script to package.json:

{
  "name": "my-package",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "scripts": {
    "release": "release-it"
  },
  "devDependencies": {
    "release-it": "^7.4.7"
  }
}

Now you can run npm run release from the command line.

▶️ Usage

Release a new patch (increments from e.g. 1.0.4 to 1.0.5):

release-it

Release a patch, minor, major, or specific version:

release-it minor
release-it 0.8.3

See manage pre-releases for versions like 1.0.0-beta.2 and npm install my-package@next.

You can also do a "dry run", which won't write/touch anything, but does output the commands it would execute, and show the interactivity:

release-it --dry-run

⚙️ Configuration

Out of the box, release-it has sane defaults, and plenty of options to configure it. Put the options to override in .release-it.json in the project root. Example:

{
  "src": {
    "tagName": "v%s"
  },
  "github": {
    "release": true
  }
}
  • Only the settings to override need to be in .release-it.json. Everything else will fall back to the default configuration.
  • You can use --config if you want to use another path for the local .release-it.json.

Any option can also be set on the command-line, and will have highest priority. Example:

release-it minor --src.tagName='v%s' --github.release

Boolean arguments can be negated by using the no- prefix:

release-it --no-npm.publish

🤖 Interactive vs. non-interactive mode

By default, release-it is interactive and allows you to confirm each task before execution:

On a Continuous Integration (CI) environment, or by using the -n option, this is fully automated. No prompts are shown and the configured tasks will be executed. This is demonstrated in the first animation above. An overview of the tasks:

Task | Option | Default | Prompt | Default :--|:--|:-:|:--|:-: Ready (confirm version) | N/A | N/A | - | Y Show staged files | N/A | N/A | prompt.src.status | N Git commit | src.commit | true | prompt.src.commit | Y Git tag | src.tag | true | prompt.src.tag | Y Git push | src.push | true | prompt.src.push | Y GitHub release | github.release | false | prompt.src.release | Y npm publish | npm.publish | true | prompt.src.publish | Y

The "Option" + "Default" columns represent default options in non-interactive/CI mode. The "Prompt" + "Default" columns represent the prompts and their default answers in interactive mode. You can still change the answer to either Y or N as the questions show up (or cancel the process with Ctrl-c).

Note that, if an option (e.g. npm.publish) is false, the related prompt (prompt.src.publish) will not be shown at all in interactive mode (regardless of its default answer).

🔗 Command Hooks

The command hooks are executed from the root directory of the src or dist repository, respectively:

  • src.beforeStartCommand
  • beforeChangelogCommand
  • buildCommand - before files are staged for commit
  • src.afterReleaseCommand
  • dist.beforeStageCommand - before files are staged in dist repo
  • dist.afterReleaseCommand

All commands can use configuration variables (like template strings):

"buildCommand": "tar -czvf foo-${src.tagName}.tar.gz ",
"afterReleaseCommand": "echo Successfully released ${version} to ${dist.repo}."

The variables can be found in the default configuration. Additionally, version, latestVersion and changelog are exposed in custom commands. Also the repo object (with properties remote, protocol, host, owner, repository and project) is available.

📡 SSH keys & git remotes

The tool assumes SSH keys and Git remotes to be configured correctly. If git push works, release-it should work. Otherwise, the following GitHub help pages might be useful: SSH and Managing Remotes.

✏️ GitHub Release

See this project's releases page for an example. To create GitHub releases:

  • The github.release option must be true.
  • Obtain a GitHub access token (release-it only needs "repo" access; no "admin" or other scopes).
  • Make sure the token is available as an environment variable. Example:
export GITHUB_TOKEN="f941e0..."

Do not put the actual token in the github.tokenRef configuration, it should be the name of the environment variable.

📦 Release Assets

To upload binary release assets with a GitHub release (such as compiled executables, minified scripts, documentation), provide one or more glob patterns for the github.assets option. After the release, the assets are available to download from the GitHub release page. Example:

"github": {
  "release": true,
  "assets": "dist/*.zip"
}

🐣 Manage Pre-releases

With release-it, it's easy to create pre-releases: a version of your software that you want to make available, while it's not in the stable semver range yet. Often "alpha", "beta", and "rc" (release candidate) are used as identifier for pre-releases.

For example, if you're working on a new major update for awesome-pkg (while the latest release was v1.4.1), and you want others to try your latest beta version:

release-it major --preRelease=beta

This will tag and release version 2.0.0-beta.0. This is actually a shortcut for:

release-it premajor --preReleaseId=beta --npm.tag=beta --github.preRelease

Consecutive beta releases (v2.0.0-beta.1 and so on) are now easy:

release-it --preRelease=beta

Installing the package with npm:

npm install awesome-pkg         # Installs v1.4.1
npm install awesome-pkg@beta    # Installs v2.0.0-beta.1

You can still override individual options, e.g. the npm tag being used:

release-it --preRelease=rc --npm.tag=next

See semver.org for more details about semantic versioning.

Custom or Conventional Changelog

Recommended Bump

If your project follows conventions, such as the Angular commit guidelines, the special conventional:angular increment shorthand can be used to get the recommended bump based on the commit messages:

{
  "increment": "conventional:angular"
}

Please find the list of available conventions (angular, ember, etc).

Generate Custom Changelog

With release-it, you can use tools like conventional-changelog-cli to generate the changelog for the GitHub release. Make sure that the command defined in the changelogCommand option outputs the changelog to stdout. In the next example, beforeChangelogCommand is also used, to update the CHANGELOG.md file. This change will also be included in the release commit.

{
  "increment": "conventional:angular",
  "beforeChangelogCommand": "conventional-changelog -p angular -i CHANGELOG.md -s",
  "changelogCommand": "conventional-changelog -p angular | tail -n +3",
  "safeBump": false
}

For this use case, the safeBump option was introduced. Set this to false to bump package.json#version before the beforeChangelogCommand is executed, as the conventional-changelog tool needs to run from the current version.

🚚 Distribution Repository

Some projects use a distribution repository. Generated files (such as compiled assets or documentation) can be distributed to a separate repository. Or to a separate branch, such as a gh-pages (also see Using GitHub Pages, the easy way).

Some examples include shim repositories and a separate packaged Angular.js repository for distribution on npm and Bower.

To use this feature, set the dist.repo option to a git endpoint. An example configuration:

"buildCommand": "npm run build",
"dist": {
  "repo": "git@github.com:components/ember.git",
  "stageDir": ".stage",
  "baseDir": "dist",
  "files": ["**/*"],
  "github": {
    "release": true
  },
  "npm": {
    "publish": true
  }
}

With this example, dist.repo will be cloned to .stage. Then from the source repo npm run build is executed, and the generated files at dist/**.* will be copied to the .stage directory. The result is pushed back to dist.repo. Additionally, a GitHub release is created, and the package is published to npm.

📝 Notes

  • The "private": true setting in package.json will be respected and the package won't be published to npm.
  • By default, untracked files are not added to the release commit. Use src.addUntrackedFiles: true to override this behavior.
  • You can use src.pushRepo option to set an alternative url or name of a remote as in git push <src.pushRepo>. By default this is null and git push is used when pushing to the remote.

🐛 Troubleshooting & debugging

  • Use --verbose to output commands that release-it executes.
  • Use --debug to output configuration and additional (error) logs.
  • Use DEBUG=octokit:rest* release-it [...] for debug logs with GitHub releases & assets.

⏩ Using release-it Programmatically

From Node.js scripts, release-it can also be used as a dependency:

const releaseIt = require('release-it');

releaseIt(options).then(output => {
  console.log(output);
  // { version, latestVersion, changelog }
});

💼 Examples

📚 Resources

🎁 Contributing

Please see CONTRIBUTING.md.

❤️ Credits

Major dependencies:

The following Grunt plugins have been a source of inspiration:

🎓 License

MIT

Github

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Dependencies

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Releases

7.4.7 - Jun 4, 2018

  • Update dependencies (bb6bc84)
  • Fix response.headers in octokit client (f9bd3ff)

7.4.6 - Jun 1, 2018

  • Update dependencies (3841516)
  • Throw relevant (custom) error (fixes #307) (142507d)

7.4.5 - May 16, 2018

  • Warn for "nothing to commit", throw for anything else after git commit error (relates to #301) (487615e)
  • Reject with stderr/out string, not custom error for shell commands (949a8ae)
  • Travis: run tests in Node v10 (remove v9) (67457ce)

7.4.4 - May 14, 2018

  • Update dependencies (support for Node v10) (50c6d5f)

7.4.3 - May 2, 2018

  • Only load babel-register for Node < 7 (26d7d4c)
  • Format (c2069dd)
  • Rename npm script "prettier" to "format" (280706d)
  • Use module.exports over ESM export (8fae499)
  • Update dependencies (96da7ae)