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vapor-community/PassKit 0.2.0
Vapor implementation for Apple's PassKit server requirements.
⭐️ 42
🕓 6 days ago
iOS macOS
.package(url: "https://github.com/vapor-community/PassKit.git", from: "0.2.0")


Swift Package Manager compatible Platform

A Vapor package which handles all the server side elements required to implement passes for Apple Wallet.


This package requires Vapor 4.


Implement your pass data model

Your data model should contain all the fields that you store for your pass, as well as a foreign key for the pass itself.

final class PassData: PassKitPassData {
    static let schema = "pass_data"

    var id: UUID?

    @Parent(key: "pass_id")
    var pass: PKPass

    // Add any other field relative to your app, such as a location, a date, etc.
    @Field(key: "punches")
    var punches: Int

    init() {}

struct CreatePassData: AsyncMigration {
    public func prepare(on database: Database) async throws {
        try await database.schema(Self.schema)
            .field("punches", .int, .required)
            .field("pass_id", .uuid, .required, .references(PKPass.schema, .id, onDelete: .cascade))
    public func revert(on database: Database) -> EventLoopFuture<Void> {
        try await database.schema(Self.schema).delete()

Handle cleanup

Depending on your implementation details, you'll likely want to automatically clean out the passes and devices table when a registration is deleted. You'll need to implement based on your type of SQL database as there's not yet a Fluent way to implement something like SQL's NOT EXISTS call with a DELETE statement. If you're using PostgreSQL, you can setup these triggers/methods:

CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION public."RemoveUnregisteredItems"() RETURNS trigger
    LANGUAGE plpgsql
    AS $$BEGIN  
       DELETE FROM devices d
           SELECT 1
           FROM registrations r
           WHERE d."id" = r.device_id
           LIMIT 1
       DELETE FROM passes p
           SELECT 1
           FROM registrations r
           WHERE p."id" = r.pass_id
           LIMIT 1
       RETURN OLD;

CREATE TRIGGER "OnRegistrationDelete" 
AFTER DELETE ON "public"."registrations"
EXECUTE PROCEDURE "public"."RemoveUnregisteredItems"();

Model the pass.json contents

Create a struct that implements Encodable which will contain all the fields for the generated pass.json file. Create an initializer that takes your custom pass data, the PKPass and everything else you may need. For information on the various keys available see the documentation. See also this guide for some help.

struct PassJsonData: Encodable {
    public static let token = "EB80D9C6-AD37-41A0-875E-3802E88CA478"
    private let formatVersion = 1
    private let passTypeIdentifier = "pass.com.yoursite.passType"
    private let authenticationToken = token
    let serialNumber: String
    let relevantDate: String
    let barcodes: [PassJsonData.Barcode]

    struct Barcode: Encodable {
        let altText: String
        let format = "PKBarcodeFormatQR"
        let message: String
        let messageEncoding = "iso-8859-1"

    init(data: PassData, pass: PKPass) {

Implement the delegate.

Create a delegate file that implements PassKitDelegate. In the sslSigningFilesDirectory you specify there must be the WWDR.pem, passcertificate.pem and passkey.pem files. If they are named like that you're good to go, otherwise you have to specify the custom name. Obtaining the three certificates files could be a bit tricky, you could get some guidance from this guide and this video. There are other fields available which have reasonable default values. See the delegate's documentation. Because the files for your pass' template and the method of encoding might vary by pass type, you'll be provided the pass for those methods.

import Vapor
import Fluent
import PassKit

final class PKDelegate: PassKitDelegate {
    let sslSigningFilesDirectory = URL(fileURLWithPath: "/www/myapp/sign", isDirectory: true)

    let pemPrivateKeyPassword: String? = Environment.get("PEM_PRIVATE_KEY_PASSWORD")!

    func encode<P: PassKitPass>(pass: P, db: Database, encoder: JSONEncoder) async throws -> Data {
        // The specific PassData class you use here may vary based on the pass.type if you have multiple
        // different types of passes, and thus multiple types of pass data.
        guard let passData = try await PassData.query(on: db)
            .filter(\.$pass.$id == pass.id!)
        else {
            throw Abort(.internalServerError)
        guard let data = try? encoder.encode(PassJsonData(data: passData, pass: pass)) else {
            throw Abort(.internalServerError)
        return data

    func template<P: PassKitPass>(for: P, db: Database) async throws -> URL {
        // The location might vary depending on the type of pass.
        return URL(fileURLWithPath: "/www/myapp/pass", isDirectory: true)

You must explicitly declare pemPrivateKeyPassword as a String? or Swift will ignore it as it'll think it's a String instead.

Register Routes

Next, register the routes in routes.swift. Notice how the delegate is created as a global variable. You need to ensure that the delegate doesn't go out of scope as soon as the routes(_:) method exits! This will implement all of the routes that PassKit expects to exist on your server for you.

let delegate = PKDelegate()

func routes(_ app: Application) throws {
    let pk = PassKit(app: app, delegate: delegate)
    pk.registerRoutes(authorizationCode: PassData.token)

Push Notifications

If you wish to include routes specifically for sending push notifications to updated passes you can also include this line in your routes(_:) method. You'll need to pass in whatever Middleware you want Vapor to use to authenticate the two routes. If you don't include this line, you have to configure an APNS container yourself

try pk.registerPushRoutes(middleware: SecretMiddleware())

That will add two routes:

  • POST .../api/v1/push/passTypeIdentifier/passBarcode (Sends notifications)
  • GET .../api/v1/push/passTypeIdentifier/passBarcode (Retrieves a list of push tokens which would be sent a notification)

Whether you include the routes or not, you'll want to add a middleware that sends push notifications and updates the modified field when your pass data updates. You can implement it like so:

struct PassDataMiddleware: AsyncModelMiddleware {
    private unowned let app: Application

    init(app: Application) {
        self.app = app

    func update(model: PassData, on db: Database, next: AnyAsyncModelResponder) async throws {
        let pkPass = try await model.$pass.get(on: db)
        pkPass.modified = Date()
        try await pkPass.update(on: db)
        try await next.update(model, on: db)
        try await PassKit.sendPushNotifications(for: model.$pass.get(on: db), on: db, app: self.app)

and register it in configure.swift:

app.databases.middleware.use(PassDataMiddleware(app: app), on: .psql)

IMPORTANT: Whenever your pass data changes, you must update the modified time of the linked pass so that Apple knows to send you a new pass.

If you did not include the routes remember to configure APNSwift yourself like this:

let apnsConfig: APNSClientConfiguration
if let pemPrivateKeyPassword {
    apnsConfig = APNSClientConfiguration(
        authenticationMethod: try .tls(
            privateKey: .privateKey(
                NIOSSLPrivateKey(file: privateKeyPath, format: .pem) { closure in
            certificateChain: NIOSSLCertificate.fromPEMFile(pemPath).map { .certificate($0) }
        environment: .production
} else {
    apnsConfig = APNSClientConfiguration(
        authenticationMethod: try .tls(
            privateKey: .file(privateKeyPath),
            certificateChain: NIOSSLCertificate.fromPEMFile(pemPath).map { .certificate($0) }
        environment: .production
    eventLoopGroupProvider: .shared(app.eventLoopGroup),
    responseDecoder: JSONDecoder(),
    requestEncoder: JSONEncoder(),
    as: .init(string: "passkit"),
    isDefault: false

Custom Implementation

If you don't like the schema names that are used by default, you can instead instantiate the generic PassKitCustom and provide your model types.

let pk = PassKitCustom<MyPassType, MyDeviceType, MyRegistrationType, MyErrorType>(app: app, delegate: delegate)

Register Migrations

If you're using the default schemas provided by this package you can register the default models in your configure(_:) method:

PassKit.register(migrations: app.migrations)

Register the default models before the migration of your pass data model.

Generate Pass Content

To generate and distribute the .pkpass bundle, pass a PassKit object to your RouteCollection:

import Vapor
import PassKit

struct PassesController: RouteCollection {
    let passKit: PassKit

    func boot(routes: RoutesBuilder) throws {

and then use it in the route handler:

fileprivate func passHandler(_ req: Request) async throws -> Response {
    guard let passData = try await PassData.query(on: req.db)
    else {
        throw Abort(.notFound)

    let bundle = try await passKit.generatePassContent(for: passData.pass, on: req.db)
    let body = Response.Body(data: bundle)
    var headers = HTTPHeaders()
    headers.add(name: .contentType, value: "application/vnd.apple.pkpass")
    headers.add(name: .contentDisposition, value: "attachment; filename=pass.pkpass") // Add this header only if you are serving the pass in a web page
    headers.add(name: .lastModified, value: String(passData.pass.modified.timeIntervalSince1970))
    headers.add(name: .contentTransferEncoding, value: "binary")
    return Response(status: .ok, headers: headers, body: body)


Stars: 42
Last commit: 1 week ago
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Release Notes

1 week ago

What's Changed

Full Changelog: https://github.com/vapor-community/PassKit/compare/0.1.0...0.2.0

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