Scripts to clone, configure, patch and build Swift 5.0.3 on Linux ARM devices.
- Supported Architectures
- Prebuilt binaries
- Building on ARM
- REPL Issues
- Previous Releases
- ✅ ARMv6 32bit: Original RaspberryPi, Pi Zero, etc...
- ✅ ARMv7/8 32bit: All versions of RaspberryPi 2/3, OrangePi, ODroid, CHIP, etc...
- ✅ aarch64: RaspberryPis or other ARMv8 boards with a 64 bit OS, Pine64, etc...
| OS | Architecture | Boards | Download |
| -- | ------------ | ------ | -------- | | Raspbian Stretch | ARMv6 | All RaspberryPis: Classic, Zero, 2, 3 | 5.0.3 | | Raspbian Buster | ARMv6 | All RaspberryPis: Classic, Zero, 2, 3, 4 | 5.0.3 | | Debian Stretch | ARMv7 | Every ARMv7 board, RaspberryPis 2, 3 included | 5.0.3 | | Debian Buster | ARMv7 | Every ARMv7 board, RaspberryPis 2, 3, 4 included | 5.0.3 | | Ubuntu 16.04 | ARMv7 | All versions of RaspberryPi 2/3, other ARMv7 boards | 5.0.3 | | Ubuntu 18.04 | ARMv7 | All versions of RaspberryPi 2/3, other ARMv7 boards | 5.0.3 | | Ubuntu 18.04 | aarch64 | All versions of RaspberryPi 2/3, other ARMv7 boards | 5.0.1 |
For binaries of older releases, check out the releases page.
When using the Swift Package Manager on one of these boards, that usually have limited memory/cpu, you'll need to use the new
-j option to reduce the number of threads spawned by the tool and be able to compile (this option will be officially available in a future release of SPM).
For example, when building an SPM project most of the times we'll limit the number of jobs to one:
pi@raspberrypi:> swift build -j 1
In order to use the provided prebuilt binaries you'll need to install the following dependencies:
Raspbian Stretch and Ubuntu 16.04
sudo apt install clang-3.8 libicu-dev libcurl4-nss-dev sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/clang++ clang++ /usr/bin/clang++-3.8 100 sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/clang clang /usr/bin/clang-3.8 100
Raspbian Buster, Ubuntu 18.04 and newer
sudo apt install clang libicu-dev libcurl4-nss-dev curl
Decompress the archive on the RaspberryPi, you'll find the Swift binaries in
usr/bin/ relative to where you decompressed the archive.
tar -xzf <archivename.tgz>
Ensure that the path you decompressed to is in your
PATH environment variable:
echo $PATH. If it's not then add it to your path for your shell.
To permanently add this to your
PATH variable, you can add the following block of code to the end of your
if [ -d "$HOME/usr/bin" ] ; then PATH="$HOME/usr/bin:$PATH" fi
Verify the swift version is setup:
$ swift --version Swift version 5.0.3 (swift-5.0.3-RELEASE) Target: armv7-unknown-linux-gnueabihf
Building on ARM
For the latest updates on Swift on ARM, check out my blog here.
Check out Helge Heß's project dockSwiftOnARM to build Swift in a Docker container or to build a cross-compiling toolchain that will allow you to build arm binaries directly from your Mac using a precompiled swiftc for ARM.
The scripts that buildSwiftOnARM provides:
clone.sh - Install dependencies and clones the main Swift repository and all the related projects
checkoutRelease.sh - Resets all repos, updates them, checks out a specific tag (5.0.3 at the moment) and apply the patches.
build.sh - Builds Swift producing a tgz archive with the Swift distributions.
clean.sh - Cleans all build artifacts, only needed when you want to start again from scratch.
Step by step instructions
First of all, use a suitably sized sd-card, at least 32Gb in size, but I recommend to use an external USB drive to clone the project and build Swift.
Configure a swap file of at least 2Gb, on Ubuntu:
sudo fallocate -l 2G swapfile sudo chmod 600 swapfile sudo mkswap swapfile sudo swapon swapfile
You'll need to manually enable the swap file with
swapon each time you reboot the RaspberryPi (or the system will just run without swap).
On Raspbian, since the swapfile is already configured, open
/etc/dphys-swapfile and edit
CONF_SWAPSIZE to increase the size:
Save the file and:
sudo /etc/init.d/dphys-swapfile stop sudo /etc/init.d/dphys-swapfile start
Now, call the included scripts as follows:
clone.shthat will install the required dependencies (git cmake ninja-build clang-3.8 python uuid-dev libicu-dev icu-devtools libbsd-dev libedit-dev libxml2-dev libsqlite3-dev swig libpython-dev libncurses5-dev pkg-config libblocksruntime-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev autoconf libtool systemtap-sdt-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libz-dev), fix clang links and clone apple/swift with all its dependecies.
checkoutRelease.shthat will select the current release (5.0.3) and apply the needed patches.
Once done, start the build with
Once the build completes a few hours later, you'll have a
swift-5.0.3-armv7.tgzarchive containing the whole Swift compiler distribution. Once decompressed you'll find the Swift binaries under
I recommend to perform all these operations in a permanent background
screen session (
CTRL+B d to detach from the session and
tmux a to reattach to it when you ssh again into the RaspberryPi).
Additional steps could be required in some cases check the latest ARM posts on my blog for additional info.
To build a different release than the one currently configured in the script, open
build.sh and modify the variables on top, with the branch name for the release and the release name for the tgz respectively.
Since the first releases of Swift on ARM32, the REPL has never been available on this platform, but that doesn't impact the compiler itself. Considering this, as you would expect, launching
swift without parameters will result in an error instead of the REPL prompt.
We wouldn't have Swift on ARM and most of the patches included on buildSwiftOnARM without the work done by these developers:
The community can be reached at the swift-arm Slack channel.
You can compile old releases checking out the specific tag:
Help us keep the lights on
5.0.3 - Sep 9, 2019
Likely the last Linux release for 5.0, it contains a few fixes for Foundation and SPM, see announcement: https://forums.swift.org/t/swift-5-0-3-for-linux/28523
5.0.2 - Jul 23, 2019
Linux only maintenance release with a few bugs fixed, mostly in Foundation.
See announcement: https://forums.swift.org/t/swift-5-0-2/27008
5.0.1 - Jun 19, 2019
These 5.0.1 binaries contain a Swift Package Manager that allows to specify the number of jobs to be launched during compilation through the
-j option, functionality that will be available officially in Swift 5.1.
It's recommended to launch SPM with
-j 1 in most cases.
From this release, Raspbian binaries will be compiled only for ARMv6 as expected by this distribution. One set of Raspbian binaries will work on every Raspberry Pi. Generic ARMv7 Debian Stretch binaries, that will work on Pi 3 and 4 too, will be provided separately.
5.0 - Apr 2, 2019
See the official announcement for a list of new features: https://swift.org/blog/swift-5-released/
4.2.3 - Mar 6, 2019