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uditha-atukorala/swift-xid v0.2.1
A globally unique id generator
⭐️ 0
🕓 2 weeks ago
iOS macOS
.package(url: "https://github.com/uditha-atukorala/swift-xid.git", from: "v0.2.1")

Swift Xid

license

A globally unique id generator.

This is a swift implementation of the Golang package found at: https://github.com/rs/xid

Xid uses MongoDB Object ID algorighm^1 to generate globally unique ids with base32 serialzation to produce shorter strings.

Binary representation

+---+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+-----+-----+
| 0 |  1 |  2 |  3 |  4 |  5 |  6 |  7 |  8 |  9 |  10 |  11 |
+---+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+-----+-----+
 \----- time -----/ \ machine id / \- pid -/ \--- counter ---/
  • 4-byte value representing the seconds since the Unix epoch,
  • 3-byte machine identifier,
  • 2-byte process id, and
  • 3-byte counter, starting with a random value.

The binary representation of the id is compatible with MongoDB's 12 bytes Object IDs. The string representation is using base32hex (w/o padding)^2 for better space efficiency when stored in string form (20 bytes). The hex variant of base32 is used to retain the sortable property of the id.

Features

  • Size: 12 bytes (96 bits), smaller than UUID, larger than Twitter Snowflake^3
  • Base32hex encoded by default (20 chars when transported as printable string, still sortable)
  • Configuration free: there is no need to set a unique machine and/or data center id
  • K-ordered
  • Embedded time with 1 second precision
  • Unicity guaranteed for 16,777,216 (24 bits) unique ids per second and per host/process
  • Lock-free (unlike UUIDv1 and v2)

Comparison

Name Binary Size String Size Features
UUID 16 bytes 36 chars configuration free, not sortable
shortuuid 16 bytes 22 chars configuration free, not sortable
Snowflake 8 bytes up to 20 chars needs machine/DC configuration, needs central server, sortable
MongoID 12 bytes 24 chars configuration free, sortable
xid 12 bytes 20 chars configuration free, sortable

Usage

let id: String = NewXid() // or let id: Id = NewXid()
print(id)
// Output: caia5ng890f0tr46f690
var xid = Xid()
print(xid.next())
// Output: caia5ng890f0tr00hgtg
// Get embedded info
let id = xid.next()

id.time()
id.machineId()
id.pid()
id.counter()

// Access raw bytes
print(id.data as NSData)
// Output: {length = 12, bytes = 0x62a4a4a108481e0f9b83781f}

Encoding and Decoding

The Id structure complies with Codable protocol and can be converted into and out of an external representation (e.g. JSON).

Decoding from JSON

struct User: Decodable {
  var id: Id
  var name: String
}

let data = """
{
  "id": "caia5ng890f0tr00hgtg",
  "name": "Jane Smith"
}
""".data(using: .utf8)!

let decoder = JSONDecoder()
let user = try decoder.decode(User.self, from: data)

print(user.id)
// Output: caia5ng890f0tr00hgtg

Encoding into JSON

struct User: Encodable {
  var id: Id
  var name: String
}

let user = User(id: NewXid(), name: "Jane Smith")

let encoder = JSONEncoder()
let data = try encoder.encode(user)

print(String(data: data, encoding: .utf8)!)
// Output: {"id":"caia5ng890f0tr00hgtg","name":"Jane Smith"}

GitHub

link
Stars: 0
Last commit: 2 weeks ago
jonrohan Something's broken? Yell at me @ptrpavlik. Praise and feedback (and money) is also welcome.

Dependencies

Release Notes

Version 0.2.1
2 weeks ago

Changelog

  • Fix Xid initialiser

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