Package -

SwiftGD

This is a simple Swift wrapper for libgd, allowing for basic graphic rendering on server-side Swift where Core Graphics is not available. Although this package was originally written to accompany my book Server-Side Swift, it's likely to be of general use to anyone wishing to perform image manipulation on their server.

SwiftGD wraps GD inside classes to make it easier to use, and provides the following functionality:

  • Loading PNGs and JPEGs from disk.
  • Writing images back to disk as PNG or JPEG.
  • Creating new images at a specific width and height.
  • Resizing to a specific width or height.
  • Flood filling a color from a coordinate.
  • Drawing lines
  • Reading and writing individual pixels.
  • Stroking and filling ellipses and rectangles.
  • Flipping images horizontally and vertically.
  • Basic effects: pixelate, blur, colorize, and desaturate.

SwiftGD manages GD resources for you, so the underlying memory is released when your images are destroyed.

Installation

Install the GD library on your computer. If you're using macOS, install Homebrew then run the command brew install gd. If you're using Linux, run apt-get libgd-dev as root.

Modify your Package.swift file to include the following dependency:

.package(url: "https://github.com/twostraws/SwiftGD.git", from: "2.0.0")

You should also include “SwiftGD” in your list of target dependencies.

SwiftGD itself has a single Swift dependency, which is Cgd.

Classes

SwiftGD provides four classes for basic image operations:

  • Image is responsible for loading, saving, and manipulating image data.
  • Point stores x and y coordinates as integers.
  • Size stores width and height integers.
  • Color provides red, green, blue, and alpha components stored in a Double from 0 to 1, as well as some built-in colors to get you started.

These are implemented as classes rather than structs because only classes have deinitializers. These are required so that GD's memory can be cleaned up when an image is destroyed.

Reading and writing images

You can load an image from disk like this:

let location = URL(fileURLWithPath: "/path/to/image.png")
let image = Image(url: location)

That will return an optional Image object, which will be nil if the load failed for some reason. SwiftGD uses the file extension to load the correct file format, so it's important you name your files with "jpg", "jpeg", or "png".

You can also create new images from scratch by providing a width and height, like this:

let image = Image(width: 500, height: 500)

Again, that will return an optional Image if the memory was allocated correctly.

When you want to save an image back to disk, use the write(to:) method on Image, like this:

let url = URL(fileURLWithPath: "/path/to/save.jpg")
image.write(to: url)

Again, the format is determined by your choice of file extension. write(to:) will return false and refuse to continue if the file exists already; it will return true if the file was saved successfully.

Images are also created when performing a resize operation, which means your original image is untouched. You have three options for resizing:

  • resizedTo(width:height:) lets you stretch an image to any dimensions.
  • resizedTo(width:) resizes an image to a specific width, and calculates the correct height to maintain the original aspect ratio.
  • resizedTo(height:) resizes an image to a specific height, and calculates the correct width to maintain the original aspect ratio.

All three have an optional extra parameter, applySmoothing. When set to true (the default) the resize is performed using bilinear filter. When false, the resize is performed using nearest neighbor, and the result is likely to look jagged.

Drawing shapes and colors

There are eight methods you can use to draw into your images:

  • fill(from:color:) performs a flood fill from a Point on your image using the Color you specify.
  • drawLine(from:to:color:) draws a line between the to and from parameters (both instances of Point) in the Color you specify.
  • set(pixel:to:) sets a pixel at a specific Point to the Color you specify.
  • get(pixel:) returns the Color value of a pixel at a specific Point.
  • strokeEllipse(center:size:color:) draws an empty ellipse at the center Point, with the Size and Color you specify.
  • func fillEllipse(center:size:color:) fills an ellipse at the center Point, with the Size and Color you specify.
  • strokeRectangle(topLeft:bottomRight:color:) draws an empty rectangle from topLeft to bottomRight (both instances of Point) using the Color you specify.
  • fillRectangle(topLeft:bottomRight:color:) fills a rectangle from topLeft to bottomRight (both instances of Point) using the Color you specify.

Manipulating images

There are several methods that apply filters to image objects:

  • pixelate(blockSize:) simplifies your image to large pixels, with the pixel size dictated by the integer you provide as blockSize.
  • blur(radius:) applies a Gaussian blur effect. Using a larger value for radius causes stronger blurs.
  • colorize(using:) applies a tint using a Color you specify.
  • desaturate() renders your image grayscale.
  • flip(_:) flips your image horizontally, vertically, or both. Pass .horizontal, ``vertical, or.both` as its parameter.

Example code

This first example creates a new 500x500 image, fills it red, draw a blue ellipse in the center, draws a green rectangle on top, runs the desaturate and colorize filters, and saves the resulting image to "output-1.png":

import Foundation
import SwiftGD

// figure out where to save our file
let currentDirectory = URL(fileURLWithPath: FileManager().currentDirectoryPath)
let destination = currentDirectory.appendingPathComponent("output-1.png")

// attempt to create a new 500x500 image
if let image = Image(width: 500, height: 500) {
    // flood from from X:250 Y:250 using red
    image.fill(from: Point(x: 250, y: 250), color: Color.red)

    // draw a filled blue ellipse in the center
    image.fillEllipse(center: Point(x: 250, y: 250), size: Size(width: 150, height: 150), color: Color.blue)
        
    // draw a filled green rectangle also in the center
    image.fillRectangle(topLeft: Point(x: 200, y: 200), bottomRight: Point(x: 300, y: 300), color: Color.green)

    // remove all the colors from the image
    image.desaturate()
        
    // now apply a dark red tint
    image.colorize(using: Color(red: 0.3, green: 0, blue: 0, alpha: 1))
        
    // save the final image to disk
    image.write(to: destination)
}

This second examples draws concentric rectangles in alternating blue and white colors, then applies a Gaussian blur to the result:

import Foundation
import SwiftGD

let currentDirectory = URL(fileURLWithPath: FileManager().currentDirectoryPath)
let destination = currentDirectory.appendingPathComponent("output-2.png")

if let image = Image(width: 500, height: 500) {
    var counter = 0
        
    for i in stride(from: 0, to: 250, by: 10) {
        let drawColor: Color
        
        if counter % 2 == 0 {
            drawColor = .blue
        } else {
            drawColor = .white
        }
        
        image.fillRectangle(topLeft: Point(x: i, y: i), bottomRight: Point(x: 500 - i, y: 500 - i), color: drawColor)
        counter += 1
    }

    image.blur(radius: 10)
    image.write(to: destination)
}

This third example creates a black, red, green, and yellow gradient by setting individual pixels in a nested loop:

import Foundation
import SwiftGD

let currentDirectory = URL(fileURLWithPath: FileManager().currentDirectoryPath)
let destination = currentDirectory.appendingPathComponent("output-3.png")

let size = 500

if let image = Image(width: size, height: size) {
    for x in 0 ... size {
        for y in 0 ... size {
            image.set(pixel: Point(x: x, y: y), to: Color(red: Double(x) / Double(size), green: Double(y) / Double(size), blue: 0, alpha: 1))
        }
    }
        
    image.write(to: destination)
}

License

This package is released under the MIT License, which is copied below.

Copyright (c) 2017 Paul Hudson

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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