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thebarndog/swift-dotenv 1.0.0
Swift micro-package for loading .env environment files
⭐️ 3
🕓 13 weeks ago
.package(url: "https://github.com/thebarndog/swift-dotenv.git", from: "1.0.0")


A one-stop shop for working with environment values in a Swift program.


SwiftDotenv is a small and compact Swift package that allows you to load and save .env files at runtime and query for those values as well as system provided environemntal values via ProcessInfo. It's a single abstraction for dealing with environment variables at runtime as well as a handy mechanism keeping your secrets and private keys safe in a local configuration file that doesn't get committed to version control, rather than hardcoding secret strings into your app or framework.

What is a .env file?

.env files are used, most often in server-side applications, to inject environment variables into an application during active development. They can contain api keys, secrets, and other sensitive information and therefore should not be committed to version control. An environment file should only exist locally on a development machine; on a continuous integration system like TravisCI or CircleCI, environment variables are added via the respective UI in lieu of a .env file.


SwiftDotenv supports Swift Package Manager and can be added by adding this entry to your Package.swift manifest file:

.package(url: "https://github.com/thebarndog/swift-dotenv.git", .upToNextMajor("1.0.0"))


import SwiftDotenv


Environment is an immutable model representing an .env file. It can be created by loading it via the Dotenv structure or created in code via dictionary literals. Environment uses type-safe representations of environment values such as .boolean(Bool) or .integer(Int).

To create an environment from scratch:

let environment = try Environment(values: ["API_KEY": "some-key"])

or with the type-safe api:

let environment = try Environment(values: ["FEATURE_ON": .boolean(true)])

Environment also supports @dynamicMemberLookup:

let environment = try Environment(values: [
    "apiKey": "some-key",
    "onboardingEnabled": false

let key = environment.apiKey // "some-key"
let enabled = environment.onboardingEnabled // false

Note: Keys that use snake case or dashes will not work with dynamic member lookup as the special characters aren't easily translated to property names.


To load an environment from a .env file, use Dotenv.load(path:):

let environment = try Dotenv.load(path: ".env")

Enviroments that were created programmatically can also be saved to disk via Dotenv.save(environment:toPath:force:):

let environment = try Environment(values: ["API_KEY": "some-key"])
try Dotenv.save(environment, atPath: ".env", force: false) // wont overwrite an existing file when force == false

By default, Dotenv uses FileManger.default to load and save files but even that can be swapped out:

Dotenv.fileManger = someCustomInstance

ProcessInfo & FallbackStrategy

If a value doesn't exist in the set of values fetched from your .env file, Environment will then fallback and look in ProcessInfo for the desired value. Custom fallback strategies can be also be set so that Environment will query first from ProcessInfo and then to the environment values pulled from the configuration file.

The default fallback strategy is .init(query: .configuration, fallback: .process) meaning Environment will first look for the value in the configuration file and then fallback to ProcessInfo if it can't find it. The fallback parameter can also be nil, removing fallback functionality.

To modify the fallback strategy:

Environment.fallbackStrategy = .init(query: .process)


If you find a bug, have an idea for a feature request, or want to help out, please open an issue describing your problem or a pull request with your feature. Please follow the Code of Conduct at all times.

Made with Swift and ❤️.


Stars: 3
Last commit: 1 week ago
jonrohan Something's broken? Yell at me @ptrpavlik. Praise and feedback (and money) is also welcome.

Release Notes

Release 1.0.0
13 weeks ago

First release of SwiftDotenv! 🚀🚀🚀

Features include:

  • ability to load .env file at runtime
  • create environment file programmatically
  • dynamically access environment values

Swiftpack is being maintained by Petr Pavlik | @ptrpavlik | @swiftpackco | API | Analytics