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the-braveknight/Melatonin 0.1.5
A protocol-oriented, type-safe, and easy-to-use networking layer.
⭐️ 0
🕓 2 weeks ago
.package(url: "https://github.com/the-braveknight/Melatonin.git", from: "0.1.5")


Melatonin (formerly SwiftyNetworking) library is a networking library written in Swift that provides a protocol-oriented approach to load network requests. It provides a protocol Endpoint to ensure that networking requests are parsed in a generic and type-safe way. Earlier changes can be tracked in SwiftyNetworking library which is no longer updated.

Endpoint Protocol

Conformance to Endpoint protocol is easy and straighforward. This is how the protocol body looks like:

public protocol Endpoint {
    associatedtype Response
    var scheme: Scheme { get }
    var host: String { get }
    var port: Int? { get }
    var path: String { get }
    var method: HTTPMethod { get }
    var queries: [URLQuery] { get }
    var headers: [HTTPHeader] { get }
    func prepare(request: inout URLRequest)
    func parse(data: Data, urlResponse: URLResponse) throws -> Response

The library includes default implementations for some of the required variables and functions for convenience.

Constructing the URLRequest

Any object conforming to Endpoint will automatically get url and request properites which will be used by URLSession to load the request.

You can implement the prepare(request:) method if you need to modify the request before it is loaded.

@Query property wrapper

The @Query property wrapper is used to declare any property that is a URL query. All properties declared with @Query inside your endpoint's body will be added to the final url.

struct APIEndpoint: Endpoint {
    @Query(name: "name") var name: String? = "the-braveknight"
    @Query(name: "age") var pageNumber: Int? = 2

In the above code, the url query will look like this: ?name=the-braveknight&pageNumber=2. You can still add multiple queries by directly setting the queries property of your endpoint.

@Header property wrapper

Similarly, the @Headerproperty wrapper is used to declare headers, which will be added the URLRequest before it's loaded. The library contains multiple commonly used HTTP headers and you can also implement your own.

struct APIEndpoint: Endpoint {
    @Header(\.accept) var accept: MIMEType = .json
    @Header(\.contentType) var contentType: MIMEType = .json

Again, you can still add multiple headers at once by directly setting the headers property of your endpoint.

@QueryGroup & @HeaderGroup

These result builders allow you to build arrays of query items and headers respectively. For example, we can use them to build our endpoint's queries and headers arrays:

struct APIEndpoint: Endpoint {
    @HeaderGroup var headers: [HTTPHeader] {
    @QueryGroup var queries: [URLQuery] {
        Query(name: "name", value: "the-braveknight")
        Query(name: "age", value: 2)

Decoding the response

In certain cases, for example when the Response conforms to Decodable and we expect to decode JSON, it would be reasonable to provide default implementation for parse(data:urlResponse:) method to handle that automatically.

public extension Endpoint where Response : Decodable {
    func parse(data: Data, urlResponse: URLResponse) throws -> Response {
        let decoder = JSONDecoder()
        return try decoder.decode(Response.self, from: data)

You can still provide your own implementation of this method to override this implementation.

An Example Endpoint

This is an example endpoint with GET method to parse requests from Agify.io API.

The response body from an API call (https://api.agify.io/?name=bella) looks like this:

    "name" : "bella",
    "age" : 34,
    "count" : 40138

A custom Swift struct that can contain this data would look like this:

struct Person : Decodable {
    let name: String
    let age: Int

Finally, here is how our endpoint will look like:

struct AgifyAPIEndpoint : Endpoint {
    typealias Response = Person
    let host: String = "api.agify.io"
    let path: String = "/"
    @Query(name: "name") var name: String? = nil
    @Header(\.accept) var accept: MIMEType = .json

We could use the Swift dot syntax to make it more convenient to call our endpoint.

extension Endpoint where Self == AgifyAPIEndpoint {
    static func estimatedAge(forName personName: String) -> Self {
        AgifyAPIEndpoint(name: personName)

Finally, this is how we would call our endpoint. The result is of type Result<Person, Error>.

URLSession.shared.load(.estimatedAge(forName: "Zaid")) { result in
    do {
        let person = try result.get()
        print("\(person.name) is probably \(person.age) years old.")
    } catch {
        // Handle errors


Melatonin supports loading endpoints using Combine framework.

let subscription: AnyCancellable = URLSession.shared.load(.estimatedAge(forName: "Zaid"))
    .sink { completion in
        // Handle errors
    } receiveValue: { person in
        print("\(person.name) is probably \(person.age) years old.")

Swift Concurrency

Melatonin also supports loading an endpoint using Swift Concurrency and async/await.

Task {
    do {
        let person = try await URLSession.shared.load(.estimatedAge(forName: "Zaid"))
        print("\(person.name) is probably \(person.age) years old.")
    } catch {
        // Handle errors



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Last commit: 2 weeks ago
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