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Fast and efficient LMDB wrapper for Swift.
.package(url: "https://github.com/tannerdsilva/RapidLMDB.git", from: "0.9.29")


RapidLMDB is a Swift LMDB framework designed to provide the developer full access to the LMDB API while also simultaneously making the syntax as efficient as possible. Designed for rapid development and performance, RapidLMDB is an uncompromising Swift wrapper to the LMDB core.

Version tags for this repository align with the official release tags of the official LMDB repository managed by Symas Corporation.

Getting Started

Open an LMDB environment with the following declaration:

let env = try Environment(path:"/home/somebody/lmdb_helloworld", mapSize:5000000)

With the newly initialized Environment class, a transaction can now be opened where further actions can take place...

try env.transact(readOnly:false) { txHandle in
	//create a new metadata database
	let newMetadataDatabase = try env.openDatabase(named:"metadata", flags:[.create], tx:txHandle)
	try newMetadataDatabase.set(value:"1", forKey:"version", tx:txHandle)

Transaction blocks (such as the one shown above) are automatically committed when complete. Transactions may be aborted by throwing an error within the transaction block. Furthermore, transaction handles may be directly reset and renewed with the Transaction instance functions renew() and reset().

Transaction blocks will transparently return the values of their containing code blocks, including tuples. This makes it very easy to batch-initialize databases within transactions, like such:

let (timelineDatabase, metadataDatabase) = try env.transact(readOnly:false) { txHandle in
	let a = try env.openDatabase(named:"timeline", tx:txHandle)
	let b = try env.openDatabase(named:"metadata", tx:txHandle)
	return (a, b)
	//transaction is automatically comitted

LMDB does not allow for concurrent opening or creation of databases. In situations where databases must be created or opened in a concurrent environment, nil may be passed as the transaction argument. In such a case, RapidLMDB will internally serialize these database initializations.

let someConcurrentInitialization = try env.openDatabse(named:"timeline", tx:nil)

Data handling within transactions

Key / value retrieval happens one of two says with RapidLMDB:

  1. Simple serialization to-and-from a specified type via Database

    The database structure allows easy and quick (JSON) serialization of Arrays, Dictionaries, and Sets of Codable compliant objects. Furthermore, Database will serialize objects directly to bytestreams using the DataConvertible protocol. When retrieving a value from the database in this way, one must specify a value type when retrieving a key.

    let verisonNumber try metadataDatabase.get(type:String.self, forKey:"version", tx:txHandle)

    In this case, the get command will throw if the key is not found, or if there is an internal error with LMDB. get will return nil if a key is found, but the key could not be serialized to the specified data type.

    For simple assignments or retreivals, nil may be passed as the transaction argument. In this case, Database will create and handle the transaction lifecycle internally.

    try metadataDatabase.set(value:"512", forKey:"maxConnections", tx:nil)

  2. Fast and direct bytestream access via Cursor

    Open a database cursor with the following declaration:

    let timelineCursor = try timelineDatabase.cursor(tx:txHandle)

    For key retrieval, Cursor does not concern itself with parsing data. Unlike Database, it will simply return a key/value tuple with data directly from the database.

    Cursor integrates with Swift enumeration, allowing for convenient traversal of database contents.

    for (i, keyValue) in timelineCursor.enumerated() {
    	print("\(i) - \(keyValue.key) : \(keyValue.value)")

    Since cursors are always used within transactions, Cursor always returns data that is initialized directly from the database memorymap.

DataConvertible: Supported Types

  • Dictionary where Key:Codable, Value:Coadble -> [Encodes JSON]

  • Array where Element:Codable -> [Encodes JSON]

  • Set where Element:Codable -> [Encodes to JSON]

  • Data

  • String

  • Bool

  • Int

  • Int8

  • Int16

  • Int32

  • Int64

  • UInt

  • UInt8

  • UInt16

  • UInt32

  • UInt64

  • Float

  • Double

  • Date


  • MDB_RESERVE support


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Last commit: 3 weeks ago

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iOS Software Engineer @ Perry Street Software
Perry Street Software is Jack’d and SCRUFF. We are two of the world’s largest gay, bi, trans and queer social dating apps on iOS and Android. Our brands reach more than 20 million members worldwide so members can connect, meet and express themselves on a platform that prioritizes privacy and security. We invest heavily into SwiftUI and using Swift Packages to modularize the codebase.


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