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swiftcsv/SwiftCSV 0.8.1
CSV parser for Swift
⭐️ 707
🕓 13 weeks ago
iOS macOS watchOS tvOS
.package(url: "https://github.com/swiftcsv/SwiftCSV.git", from: "0.8.1")

SwiftCSV

Platform support Build Status Code coverage status CocoaPods Compatible Carthage compatible License MIT

Simple CSV parsing for macOS, iOS, tvOS, and watchOS.

Usage

CSV content can be loaded using the CSV class:

import SwiftCSV

do {
    // As a string, guessing the delimiter
    let csv: CSV = try CSV<Named>(string: "id,name,age\n1,Alice,18")

    // Specifying a custom delimiter
    let tsv: CSV = try CSV<Enumerated>(string: "id\tname\tage\n1\tAlice\t18", delimiter: .tab)

    // From a file (propagating error during file loading)
    let csvFile: CSV = try CSV<Named>(url: URL(fileURLWithPath: "path/to/users.csv"))

    // From a file inside the app bundle, with a custom delimiter, errors, and custom encoding.
    // Note the result is an optional.
    let resource: CSV? = try CSV<Named>(
        name: "users",
        extension: "tsv",
        bundle: .main,
        delimiter: .character("🐠"),  // Any character works!
        encoding: .utf8)
} catch parseError as CSVParseError {
    // Catch errors from parsing invalid CSV
} catch {
    // Catch errors from trying to load files
}

File Loading

The CSV class comes with initializers that are suited for loading files from URLs.

extension CSV {
    /// Load a CSV file from `url`.
    ///
    /// - Parameters:
    ///   - url: URL of the file (will be passed to `String(contentsOfURL:encoding:)` to load)
    ///   - delimiter: Character used to separate separate cells from one another in rows.
    ///   - encoding: Character encoding to read file (default is `.utf8`)
    ///   - loadColumns: Whether to populate the columns dictionary (default is `true`)
    /// - Throws: `CSVParseError` when parsing the contents of `url` fails, or file loading errors.
    public convenience init(url: URL,
                            delimiter: CSVDelimiter,
                            encoding: String.Encoding = .utf8,
                            loadColumns: Bool = true) throws

    /// Load a CSV file from `url` and guess its delimiter from `CSV.recognizedDelimiters`, falling back to `.comma`.
    ///
    /// - Parameters:
    ///   - url: URL of the file (will be passed to `String(contentsOfURL:encoding:)` to load)
    ///   - encoding: Character encoding to read file (default is `.utf8`)
    ///   - loadColumns: Whether to populate the columns dictionary (default is `true`)
    /// - Throws: `CSVParseError` when parsing the contents of `url` fails, or file loading errors.
    public convenience init(url: URL,
                            encoding: String.Encoding = .utf8,
                            loadColumns: Bool = true)
}

Delimiters

Delimiters are strongly typed. The recognized CSVDelimiter cases are: .comma, .semicolon, and .tab.

You can use convenience initializers that guess the delimiter from the recognized list for you. These initializers are available for loading CSV from URLs and strings.

You can also use any other single-character delimiter when loading CSV data. A character literal like "x" will produce CSV.Delimiter.character("x"), so you don't have to type the whole .character(_) case name. There are initializers for each variant that accept explicit delimiter settings.

Reading Data

// Recognized the comma delimiter automatically:
let csv = CSV<Named>(string: "id,name,age\n1,Alice,18\n2,Bob,19")
csv.header         //=> ["id", "name", "age"]
csv.rows           //=> [["id": "1", "name": "Alice", "age": "18"], ["id": "2", "name": "Bob", "age": "19"]]
csv.columns        //=> ["id": ["1", "2"], "name": ["Alice", "Bob"], "age": ["18", "19"]]

The rows can also parsed and passed to a block on the fly, reducing the memory needed to store the whole lot in an array:

// Access each row as an array (inner array not guaranteed to always be equal length to the header)
csv.enumerateAsArray { array in
    print(array.first)
}
// Access them as a dictionary
csv.enumerateAsDict { dict in
    print(dict["name"])
}

Skip Named Column Access for Large Data Sets

Use CSV<Named> aka NamedCSV to access the CSV data on a column-by-column basis with named columns. Think of this like a cross section:

let csv = NamedCSV(string: "id,name,age\n1,Alice,18\n2,Bob,19")
csv.rows[0]["name"]  //=> "Alice"
csv.columns["name"]  //=> ["Alice", "Bob"]

If you only want to access your data row-by-row, and not by-column, then you can use CSV<Enumerated> or EnumeratedCSV:

let csv = EnumeratedCSV(string: "id,name,age\n1,Alice,18\n2,Bob,19")
csv.rows[0][1]          //=> "Alice"
csv.columns?[0].header  //=> "name"
csv.columns?[0].rows    //=> ["Alice", "Bob"]

To speed things up, skip populating by-column access completely by passing loadColums: false. This will prevent the columnar data from being populated. For large data sets, this saves a lot of iterations (at quadratic runtime).

let csv = EnumeratedCSV(string: "id,name,age\n1,Alice,18\n2,Bob,19", loadColumns: false)
csv.rows[0][1]  //=> "Alice"
csv.columns     //=> nil

Installation

CocoaPods

pod "SwiftCSV"

Carthage

github "swiftcsv/SwiftCSV"

SwiftPM

.package(url: "https://github.com/swiftcsv/SwiftCSV.git", from: "0.8.0")

GitHub

link
Stars: 707
Last commit: 13 weeks ago
jonrohan Something's broken? Yell at me @ptrpavlik. Praise and feedback (and money) is also welcome.

Related Packages

Release Notes

Import compatibility, export delimiter & quotation fixes
13 weeks ago

Bugfixes:

  • Strip byte order mark from Strings when importing so they don't become part of imported content's cells. See #97 for discussion. (#103) -- @lardieri
  • Respect alternate delimiters when serializing the CSV. See #102 for discussion. (#107) -- @lardieri
  • Escape any double-quotes embedded inside the field values when serializing the CSV. See #111 for discussion. -- @lardieri

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