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swift-libp2p/swift-multibase 0.0.1
Self identifying base encodings using the Multibase spec
⭐️ 0
🕓 2 weeks ago
.package(url: "https://github.com/swift-libp2p/swift-multibase.git", from: "0.0.1")

Multibase

Swift Package Manager compatible Build & Test (macos and linux)

Self identifying base encodings using the Multibase spec

Table of Contents

Overview

Multibase is a protocol for disambiguating the encoding of base-encoded (e.g., base32, base36, base64, base58, etc.) binary appearing in text.

When text is encoded as bytes, we can usually use a one-size-fits-all encoding (UTF-8) because we're always encoding to the same set of 256 bytes (+/- the NUL byte). When that doesn't work, usually for historical or performance reasons, we can usually infer the encoding from the context.

However, when bytes are encoded as text (using a base encoding), the base choice of base encoding is often restricted by the context. Worse, these restrictions can change based on where the data appears in the text. In some cases, we can only use [a-z0-9]. In others, we can use a larger set of characters but need a compact encoding. This has lead to a large set of "base encodings", one for every use-case. Unlike when encoding text to bytes, we can't just standardize around a single base encoding because there is no optimal encoding for all cases.

Unfortunately, it's not always clear what base encoding is used; that's where multibase comes in. It answers the question:

Given data d encoded into text s, what base is it encoded with?

Heads up ‼️

  • This library was built quickly and dirty as part of a larger project.
  • This library hasn't been extensively tested!
  • I wouldn't use this in production until you've vetted it yourself!

For more details see

  • [Multiformats / Mulitbase Spec]

Install

Include the following dependency in your Package.swift file

let package = Package(
    ...
    dependencies: [
        ...
        .package(url: "https://github.com/swift-libp2p/swift-multibase.git", .upToNextMajor(from: "0.0.1"))
    ],
    ...
    targets: [
        .target(
            ...
            dependencies: [
                ...
                .product(name: "Multibase", package: "swift-multibase"),
            ]),
    ]
    ...
)

Usage

Example

import Multibase

/// The Multibase format is:
/// <base-encoding-character><base-encoded-data>
/// Where `<base-encoding-character>` is used according to the multibase table.

// To Encode a human readable string into a certain base encoding...
"Decentralize Everything!!".encode(as: .base8) // -> "72106254331267164344605543227514510062566312711713506415133463441102" -- Note the '7' multibase prefix tag
"Decentralize Everything!!".encode(as: .base64) // -> "mRGVjZW50cmFsaXplIGV2ZXJ5dGhpbmchIQ" -- Note the 'm' multibase prefix tag

// To Decode a Multibase encoded string (one that has the proper base prefix prepended)...
try BaseEncoding.decodeIntoString("72106254331267164344605543227514510062566312711713506415133463441102") // -> (base: .base8, string: "Decentralize Everything!!")
try BaseEncoding.decodeIntoString("mRGVjZW50cmFsaXplIGV2ZXJ5dGhpbmchIQ") // -> (base: .base64, string: "Decentralize Everything!!")

/// String/Data/[UInt8] extensions (NOTE: all extensions default to no Multibase prefix!)
"Hello World".data(using: .utf8)!.asString(base: .base16)                              // ->  48656c6c6f20576f726c64 
"Hello World".data(using: .utf8)!.asString(base: .base16, withMultibasePrefix: true)   // -> f48656c6c6f20576f726c64

API


/// BaseEncoding Enum
let multibase = try! BaseEncoding.decodeIntoString("t8him6pbeehp62r39f9ii0pbmclp7it38d5n6e891")
multibase2.base   // -> .base32HexPad
multibase2.string // -> "Decentralize everything!!"


/// String Extensions
String(decoding:String, as:BaseEncoding, using:String.Encoding = .utf8) throws
String.baseEncoding -> BaseEncoding
String.encode(as: BaseEncoding, using:String.Encoding = .ascii) -> String


/// Data Extensions
Data.init(decoding:String, as:BaseEncoding) throws
Data.asString(base:BaseEncoding, withMultibasePrefix:Bool = false) -> String


/// Array<UInt8> Extensions
Array<UInt8>(decoding:String, as:BaseEncoding) throws
Array<UInt8>.asString(base:BaseEncoding, withMultibasePrefix:Bool = false) -> String

Contributing

Contributions are welcomed! This code is very much a proof of concept. I can guarantee you there's a better / safer way to accomplish the same results. Any suggestions, improvements, or even just critques, are welcome!

Let's make this code better together! 🤝

Credits

License

MIT © 2022 Breth Inc.

GitHub

link
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Last commit: Yesterday
jonrohan Something's broken? Yell at me @ptrpavlik. Praise and feedback (and money) is also welcome.

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