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An SMTP sender implementation in Swift using Swift NIO
.package(url: "https://github.com/sersoft-gmbh/swift-smtp.git", from: "2.1.0")


SwiftSMTP provides a SwiftNIO based implementation for sending emails using SMTP servers.

There is the Configuration struct (and its nested structs and enums) that configure the access to a SMTP server (hostname, credentials, ...).

Once you have a Configuration (together with an NIO EventLoopGroup), you can create a Mailer. The mailer is responsible for setting up the NIO channel that connects to the SMTP server and delivers the email.

With a Mailer at your disposal, you can use it to send an Email. Since SMTP terminates the connection after each delivery, Mailer needs to create a new connection per Email that is to be delivered.

To use SwiftSMTP, add the following package dependency:

.package(url: "https://github.com/sersoft-gmbh/swift-smtp.git", from: "2.0.0")


The package contains two targets SwiftSMTP and SwiftSMTPVapor. The former is a pure SwifTNIO implementation, while the latter contains some helpers for using SwiftSMTP in Vapor applications.


To send an email in SwiftSMTP, first create a Configuration. The configuration contains the server parameters (server address, port, credentials, ...). Next you can create a Mailer with it. You'll also need a SwiftNIO EventLoopGroup (e.g. MultiThreadedEventLoopGroup). You then create an Email and simply call send(email:) on your mailer with it. The returned EventLoopFuture will return once the email was successfully sent, or will fail with the error returned from the SMTP server.

Creating a Configuration

There are multiple ways to create a configuration. The simplest is to use environment variables:

let configuration = Configuration.fromEnvironment()

The following environment variables are read (for more details please also check the header docs):

  • SMTP_HOST: The hostname to use or if none is set.
  • SMTP_PORT: The port to use. The encryption's default will be used if not set or not a valid integer.
  • SMTP_ENCRYPTION: The encyrption to use.
  • SMTP_TIMEOUT: The connection time out in seconds. If not set or not a valid 64-bit integer, a sensible default.
  • SMTP_USERNAME: The username to use.
  • SMTP_PASSWORD: The password to use.
  • SMTP_USE_ESMTP: If set to 1, ESMTP will be used (e.g. send EHLO instead of just HELO).

You can also create a configuration partially from the environment. Each sub-object of Configuration has it's own .fromEnvironment() method. Of course you can also create the configuration completely without any environment values.


SwiftSMTPVapor builds on SwiftSMTP and adds some convenience for using it with Vapor. First, you need to configure SwiftSMTPVapor once at startup. This is usually done in configure(_:). There are multiple ways to configure SwiftSMTP here. The simplest is to use environment variables (see above for details on that):

/// Initialize SwiftSMTP
app.swiftSMTP.initialize(with: .fromEnvironment())

Another way to initialize SwiftSMTP is to use the SMTPInitializer lifecycle handler:

/// Initialize SwiftSMTP
app.lifecycle.use(SMTPInitializer(configuration: .fromEnvironment()))

The main difference between the two is that with the former, SwiftSMTP is ready to use after the call. The latter will initialize SwiftSMTP during the boot of the Vapor Application. In most cases, this difference doesn't matter and the two are equivalent.

You can of course also provide your own configuration. There are also additional parameters for specifiying the source of the event loop group to use for mailers, the maximum connections for mailers and whether or not to write transmission logs. Usually, those can be left to their defaults.

Next, you can use SwiftSMTP inside a request:

func handleRequest(_ request: Request) -> EventLoopFuture<Response> {
    let email: Email // created before
    return request.swiftSMTP.mailer.send(email: email).transform(to: Response())

This uses the shared mailer, which is lazily initialized. If you need a dedicated mailer, you can use the createNewMailer method:

func handleRequest(_ request: Request) -> EventLoopFuture<Response> {
    let email: Email // created before
    return request.swiftSMTP.createNewMailer().send(email: email).transform(to: Response())

When using the application's event loop group (which is the default), there will be almost no difference between the two - except maybe for the connection limit. A mailer has a connection limit of two connections by default, which means that a new mailer does not have any connections in its queue. When using a custom event loop group source, however, creating a new mailer will also create a new event loop group. It's important to keep this in mind, since you're responsible for shutting down that event loop group - whereas SwiftSMTPVapor takes care of shutting down the event loop group of the shared mailer if you use a custom source there.


Stars: 4
Last commit: 2 weeks ago

Release Notes

2 weeks ago

This release contains the following new features:

  • Add ESMTP support (currently by sending EHLO instead of HELO).
  • Make the connection limit configurable in SwiftSMTPVapor.

Swiftpack is being maintained by Petr Pavlik | @ptrpavlik | @swiftpackco