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rhx/gir2swift swift4
A simple GIR parser in Swift for creating Swift types for a .gir file
⭐️ 18
🕓 3 weeks ago
.package(url: "https://github.com/rhx/gir2swift.git", from: "swift4")

gir2swift

A simple GIR parser in Swift for creating Swift types for a .gir file

macOS 11 build macOS 10.15 build Ubuntu 20.04 build Ubuntu 18.04 build gtk macOS gtk Ubuntu

Getting Started

To start a project that uses Swift wrappers around low-level libraries that utilise gobject-introspection, you need to create some scripts that use gir2swift to convert the information within gobject-introspection XML (.gir) files into Swift. Here is a brief overview of the basic steps:

  1. Install the prerequisites on your system (see Prerequisites below)
  2. Compile gir2swift (see Building below)
  3. Create a Swift Package Manager module that contains a system target for your underlying low-level library and a library target for the Swift Wrapper library that you want to build
  4. Create the necessary Module files (see Module Files below)
  5. Add gir2swift as a plugin to your Package.swift file (see Usage below)
  6. Build your project using swift build
  7. If the build phase fails (more likely than not), add code that patches the generated Swift source files (e.g. using awk or sed Module Files -- see blelow) to correct the errors the compiler complains about

What is new?

Version 15 provides a Package Manager Plugin. This requires Swift 5.6 or higher (older versions can be used via the swift52 branch).

Usage

Normally, you don't build this package directly (but for testing you can - see 'Building' below). Instead you can embed gir2swift into your own project using the Swift Package Manager. After installing the prerequisites (see 'Prerequisites' below), add gir2swift as a dependency and plugin to your Package.swift file. Here is an example.

Swift Package Manager plugin

// swift-tools-version:5.6

import PackageDescription

let package = Package(name: "MyPackage",
    dependencies: [
        .package(url: "https://github.com/rhx/gir2swift.git", branch: "main"),
    ],    
    targets: [
        .target(
            name: "MyPackage",
            dependencies: [
                .product(name: "gir2swift", package: "gir2swift"),
            ],
            swiftSettings: [
                .unsafeFlags(["-suppress-warnings"], .when(configuration: .release)),
                .unsafeFlags(["-suppress-warnings", "-Xfrontend", "-serialize-debugging-options"], .when(configuration: .debug)),
            ],
            plugins: [
                .plugin(name: "gir2swift-plugin", package: "gir2swift")
            ]
        )
    ]
)

For this to work, your package needs a gir2swift-manifest.yaml (either in the same directory that contains Package.swift, or in the Sources subdirectory for the relevant targets. The manifest needs to contain the name (without extension) of the .gir and pkg-config files to use, e.g.:

version: 1
gir-name: GLib-2.0
pkg-config: glib-2.0
output-directory: Sources/GLib
alpha-names: true

Synopsis

gir2-swift [<options>] [<gir-files> ...]

Arguments

  <gir-files>             The .gir metadata files to process. Gir files
                          specified in CLI are merged with those specified in
                          the manifest.

Options

  -v                      Produce verbose output.
  -a                      Disables all filters. Wrappers for all C types will
                          be generated.
  --alpha-names           Create a fixed set of output files ending in A-Z.
  -e, --extension-namespace <extension-namespace>
                          Add a namespace extension with the given name.
  -n, --namespace <namespace>
                          Add a namespace with the given name.
  -s                      Create a single .swift file per class.
  --post-process <post-process>
                          Additional files to post-process.
  -p <p>                  Add pre-requisite .gir files to ensure the types in
                          file.gir are known. Prerequisities specified in CLI
                          are merged with the prerequisites found by gir2swift.
  -o <o>                  Specify the output directory to put the generated
                          files into.
  -t, --target-directory <target-directory>
                          Specify the target source directory to read the
                          manifest and configurations from.
  -w, --working-directory <working-directory>
                          Specify the working directory (package directory of
                          the target) to change into.
  --pkg-config-name <pkg-config-name>
                          Library name to pass to pkg-config. Pkg config name
                          specified in CLI trumps the one found in manifest.
  -m <m>                  Add the given .swift file as the main (hand-crafted)
                          Swift file for your library target.
  --manifest <manifest>   Custom path to manifest. (default:
                          gir2swift-manifest.yaml)
  --opaque-declarations   Skips all other generation steps and prints opaque
                          struct stylized declarations for each record and
                          class to stdout.
  -h, --help              Show help information.

Description

gir2swift takes the information from a gobject-introspection XML (file.gir) file and creates corresponding Swift wrappers. When reading the .gir file, gir2swift also reads a number of Module Files that you create with additional information.

The following options are available:

-m Module.swift Add Module.swift as the main (hand-crafted) Swift file for your library target.

-o directory Specify the output directory to put the generated files into.

-p pre.gir Add pre.gir as a pre-requisite .gir file to ensure the types in file.gir are known

-s Create a single .swift file per class

-v Produce verbose output.

Examples

The following command generates a Swift Wrapper in Sources/GIO from the information in /usr/share/gir-1.0/Gio-2.0.gir, copying the content from Gio-2.0.module and taking into account information in GLib-2.0.gir and GObject-2.0.gir:

	gir2swift -o Sources/GIO -m Gio-2.0.module -p /usr/share/gir-1.0/GLib-2.0.gir -p /usr/share/gir-1.0/GObject-2.0.gir /usr/share/gir-1.0/Gio-2.0.gir

The Gio-2.0.module file would need to contain the code that you would want to manually add to your Swift module, for example:

import CGLib
import GLib
import GLibObject

public struct GDatagramBased {}
public struct GUnixConnectionPrivate {}
public struct GUnixCredentialsMessagePrivate {}
public struct GUnixFDListPrivate {}
public struct GUnixFDMessagePrivate {}
public struct GUnixInputStreamPrivate {}
public struct GUnixOutputStreamPrivate {}
public struct GUnixSocketAddressPrivate {}

func g_io_module_load(_ module: UnsafeMutablePointer<GIOModule>) {
    fatalError("private g_io_module_load called")
}

func g_io_module_unload(_ module: UnsafeMutablePointer<GIOModule>) {
    fatalError("private g_io_module_unload called")
}

Also you would need a corresponding preamble file Gio-2.0.preamble that imports the necessary low-level libraries, e.g.:

import CGLib
import GLib
import GLibObject

Module Files

In addition to reading a given Module.gir file, gir2swift also reads a number of module files from the current working directory that contain additional information. These module files need to have the same name as the .gir file, but have a different file extension:

Module.preamble

This file contains the Swift code that you need to as the preamble for every generated .swift file (e.g. the import statements for all the modules you want to import).

Module.module

This file contains Swift code (in addition to Module.preamble) goes into the generated Module.swift file (e.g. additional import statements or definitions).

Module.exclude

This file contains the symbols (separated by newline) that you want to suppress in your output. Here you should include all the symbols in the .gir file that the Swift compiler cannot import from the relevant C language headers.

Module.include

This file contains the symbols (separated by newline) that would otherwise be suppressed (e.g. because gir2swift thinks they are duplicates), but you would like to include in the gir2swift output.

Module.verbatim

Normally, gir2swift tries to translate constants from C to Swift, as per the definitions in the .gir files. Names of constants listed (and separated by newline) in this file will not be translated.

Module.callbackSuffixes

This file contains the type suffixes that are treated as C callbacks and will be annotated as @escaping by gir2swift. Defaults to ["Notify", "Func", "Marshaller", "Callback"] if not specified.

Module.namespaceReplacements

This file contains \t-separated lines containing a namespace and its replacement. This can be used to work around limitations of the Swift compiler, for example to distinguish between a module and a type that have the same name.

Module.sed

A sed script for post-processing generated files.

Module.awk

An awk script for post-processing generated files.

Prerequisites

Swift

To build, you need at least Swift 5.6; download from https://swift.org/download/ -- if you are using macOS, make sure you have the command line tools installed as well). Test that your compiler works using swift --version, which should give you something like

$ swift --version
swift-driver version: 1.45.2 Apple Swift version 5.6 (swiftlang-5.6.0.323.62 clang-1316.0.20.8)
Target: x86_64-apple-darwin21.0.0

on macOS, or on Linux you should get something like:

$ swift --version
Swift version 5.6.1 (swift-5.6.1-RELEASE)
Target: x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu

LibXML 2.9.4 or higher

These Swift wrappers have been tested with libxml-2.9.4 and 2.9.9. They should work with higher versions, but YMMV. Also make sure you have gobject-introspection and its .gir files installed.

macOS

On current versions of macOS, you need to install libxml2 using HomeBrew (the version that comes with the system does not include the necessary development headers -- for HomeBrew setup instructions, see http://brew.sh):

brew update
brew install libxml2 gobject-introspection

Linux

Ubuntu

On Ubuntu 16.04, 18.04 and 20.04, you can use the gtk that comes with the distribution. Just install with the apt package manager:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install libxml2-dev gobject-introspection libgirepository1.0-dev jq
Fedora

On Fedora, you can use the gtk that comes with the distribution. Just install with the dnf package manager:

sudo dnf install libxml2-devel gobject-introspection-devel jq

Building

Normally, you don't build this package directly, but you embed it into your own project (see 'Embedding' below). However, you can build and test this module separately to ensure that everything works. Make sure you have all the prerequisites installed (see above). After that, you can simply clone this repository and build the command line executable (be patient, this will download all the required dependencies and take a while to compile) using

git clone https://github.com/rhx/gir2swift.git
cd gir2swift
swift build

Xcode

On macOS, you can build the project using Xcode instead. To do this, simply open the package in the Xcode IDE:

cd gir2swift
open Package.swift

After that, use the (usual) Build and Test buttons to build/test this package.

Troubleshooting

Here are some common errors you might encounter and how to fix them.

Missing .gir Files

If you get an error such as

Girs located at
Cannot open '/GLib-2.0.gir': No such file or directory

Make sure that you have the relevant gobject-introspection packages installed (as per the Pre-requisites section), including their .gir and .pc files.

Old Swift toolchain or Xcode

If, when you run swift build, you get a Segmentation fault (core dumped) or circular dependency error such as

warning: circular dependency detected while parsing pangocairo: harfbuzz -> freetype2 -> harfbuzz

this probably means that your Swift toolchain is too old. Make sure the latest toolchain is the one that is found when you run the Swift compiler (see above).

If you get an older version, make sure that the right version of the swift compiler is found first in your PATH. On macOS, use xcode-select to select and install the latest version, e.g.:

sudo xcode-select -s /Applications/Xcode.app
xcode-select --install

GitHub

link
Stars: 18
Last commit: 3 weeks ago
jonrohan Something's broken? Yell at me @ptrpavlik. Praise and feedback (and money) is also welcome.

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