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openalloc/SwiftModifiedDietz 1.1.1
A tool for calculating portfolio performance using the Modified Dietz method
⭐️ 1
🕓 2 years ago
.package(url: "https://github.com/openalloc/SwiftModifiedDietz.git", from: "1.1.1")


A tool for calculating portfolio performance using the Modified Dietz method.

Available as an open source Swift library to be incorporated in other apps.

SwiftModifiedDietz is part of the OpenAlloc family of open source Swift software tools.


For details on the method, consult the Modified Dietz method page on Wikipedia.

An example where the market value of a portfolio starts the month at $105 and drops to $100 by the end. Midway $10 is withdrawn. The net performance is +5.0%.

typealias MD = ModifiedDietz<Double>
let df = ISO8601DateFormatter()
let beg = df.date(from: "2020-06-01T12:00:00Z")!
let mid = df.date(from: "2020-06-16T00:00:00Z")!
let end = df.date(from: "2020-06-30T12:00:00Z")!

let period = DateInterval(start: beg, end: end)
let mv = MD.MarketValueDelta(105, 100)
let cf: MD.CashflowMap = [mid: -10.0]
let md = MD(period, mv, cf)!

print("\(md.performance * 100)%")

=> 5.0%

Note that performance can return NaN if the sum of the starting market value and adjusted net cash flow is 0. Such a value is detectable with the .isNaN property on the return value.


The MarketValueDelta and CashFlowMap types are declared within ModifiedDietz, where T is your BinaryFloatingPoint data type:

MarketValueDelta specifies the beginning and ending market value for the period. Note that the end value can be less than the start value.

public struct MarketValueDelta {
    public let start, end: T
    public init(start: T, end: T) {
        self.start = start
        self.end = end

CashFlowMap specifies the inflow (positive) or outflow (negative) of cash on particular dates. (Dates outside of period are ignored.)

typealias CashflowMap = [Date: T]

It's often convenient to declare your own derivative type:

typealias MD = ModifiedDietz<Float>


Two initializers are provided, one more explicit than the other, but functionally equivalent:

  • init?(period: DateInterval, startValue: T, endValue: T, cashflowMap: [Date: T], epsilon: T) - Conveniently initialize a ModifiedDietz with explicit parameters.

  • init?(DateInterval, ModifiedDietz<T>.MarketValueDelta, ModifiedDietz<T>.CashflowMap, epsilon: T) - Initialize a ModifiedDietz with the specified parameters.

Initialization will fail and return nil if provided nonsense parameters, such as a period with zero duration.

The initialization values are also available as properties:

  • let period: DateInterval - The period for which performance will be calculated. NOTE: start < x <= end; exclusive of start; inclusive of end.

  • let marketValue: ModifiedDietz<T>.MarketValueDelta - The beginning and ending market value.

  • let rawCashflowMap: ModifiedDietz<T>.CashflowMap - Optional map of cash flows for dates within the period

  • let epsilon: T - Optional precision for comparing values that are very close to one another.

Instance Properties and Methods

Computed properties are lazy, meaning that they are only calculated when first needed.

  • var adjustedNetCashflow: T - Adjusted Net Cash Flow is the sum of each flow Fi multiplied by its weight Wi. Also known as total time-weighted cash flows (ttwcf)

  • var adjustedPeriod: DateInterval - The net period excludes both (1) the time until the user funds, and (2) after the user defunds.

  • var averageCapital: T - Average capital over the period.

  • var gainOrLoss: T - Total gain (or loss) over period, independent of cash flow.

  • var netCashflowMap: ModifiedDietz<T>.CashflowMap - Valid map of cash flows for period. Includes non-zero cashflows that are within period.start < $0 <= period.end

  • var netCashflowTotal: T - Net external inflow (F) for the period. Also known as total net cash flows (tncf) Contributions to a portfolio are treated as positive flows while withdrawals are negative flows.

  • var orderedCashflowDates: [Date] - Ordered list of valid cash flow dates.

  • var performance: T - The calculated rate of return (R). Note: can return NaN/Inf if the sum of the starting market value and adjusted net cash flow is 0.

See Also

This library is a member of the OpenAlloc Project.

  • OpenAlloc - product website for all the OpenAlloc apps and libraries
  • OpenAlloc Project - Github site for the development project, including full source code


Copyright 2021, 2022 OpenAlloc LLC

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at


Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.


Contributions are welcome. You are encouraged to submit pull requests to fix bugs, improve documentation, or offer new features.

The pull request need not be a production-ready feature or fix. It can be a draft of proposed changes, or simply a test to show that expected behavior is buggy. Discussion on the pull request can proceed from there.

Contributions should ultimately have adequate test coverage. See tests for current entities to see what coverage is expected.


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Last commit: 51 weeks ago
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Release Notes

New convenience initializer
2 years ago

Swiftpack is being maintained by Petr Pavlik | @ptrpavlik | @swiftpackco | API | Analytics