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Tiny Networking Library


This package contains a tiny networking library. It provides a struct Endpoint, which combines a URL request and a way to parse responses for that request. Because Endpoint is generic over the parse result, it provides a type-safe way to use HTTP endpoints.

Here are some examples:

A Simple Endpoint

This is an endpoint that represents a user's data (note that there are more fields in the JSON, left out for brevity):

struct User: Codable {
    var name: String
    var location: String?

func userInfo(login: String) -> Endpoint<User> {
    return Endpoint(json: .get, url: URL(string: "https://api.github.com/users/\(login)")!)

let sample = userInfo(login: "objcio")

The code above is just a description of an endpoint, it does not load anything. sample is a simple struct, which you can inspect (for example, in a unit test).

Here's how you can load an endpoint. The result is of type Result<User, Error>.

URLSession.shared.load(endpoint) { result in

Authenticated Endpoints

Here's an example of how you can have authenticated endpoints. You initialize the Mailchimp struct with an API key, and use that to compute an authHeader. You can then use the authHeader when you create endpoints.

struct Mailchimp {
    let base = URL(string: "https://us7.api.mailchimp.com/3.0/")!
    var apiKey = env.mailchimpApiKey
    var authHeader: [String: String] { 
        ["Authorization": "Basic " + "anystring:\(apiKey)".base64Encoded] 

    func addContent(for episode: Episode, toCampaign campaignId: String) -> Endpoint<()> {
        struct Edit: Codable {
            var plain_text: String
            var html: String
        let body = Edit(plain_text: plainText(episode), html: html(episode))
        let url = base.appendingPathComponent("campaigns/\(campaignId)/content")
        return Endpoint<()>(json: .put, url: url, body: body, headers: authHeader)

Custom Parsing

The JSON encoding and decoding are added as conditional extensions on top of the Codable infrastructure. However, Endpoint itself is not at all tied to that. Here's the type of the parsing function:

var parse: (Data?, URLResponse?) -> Result<A, Error>

Having Data as the input means that you can write our own functionality on top. For example, here's a resource that parses images:

struct ImageError: Error {}

extension Endpoint where A == UIImage {
    init(imageURL: URL) {
        self = Endpoint(.get, url: imageURL) { data in
            Result {
                guard let d = data, let i = UIImage(data: d) else { throw ImageError() }
                return i

You can also write extensions that do custom JSON serialization, or parse XML, or another format.

Testing Endpoints

Because an Endpoint is a plain struct, it's easy to test synchronously without a network connection. For example, you can test the image endpoint like this:

XCTAssertThrows(try Endpoint(imageURL: someURL).parse(nil, nil).get())
XCTAssertThrows(try Endpoint(imageURL: someURL).parse(invalidData, nil).get())
XCTAssertNoThrow(try Endpoint(imageURL: someURL).parse(validData, nil).get())

More Examples

More Documentation

The design and implementation of this library is covered extensively on Swift Talk. There's a collection with all the relevant episodes:



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Last commit: 28 weeks ago


0.4.0 - 2020-04-21T07:34:46