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nicephoton/DateBuilder
Create dates and date components easily (e.g. "first Thursday of the next month")
.package(url: "https://github.com/nicephoton/DateBuilder.git", from: "0.0.5")

DateBuilder

Nice Photon is available for hire! Talk to us if you have any iOS app development needs. We have 10+ years of experience making iOS apps for top Silicon Valley companies. Reach out at hi@nicephoton.com

DateBuilder allows you to create Date and DateComponents instances with ease in a visual and declarative manner. With DateBuilder, it's very trivial to define dates from as simple as "tomorrow at 9pm" or as complex as "first fridays for the next 24 months, at random times between 3pm and 7pm".

Built at Nice Photon.
Maintainer: @dreymonde

As of now, DateBuilder is in beta. Some APIs might be changed between releases.

DateBuilder is a stand-alone part of NiceNotifications, a Nice Photon framework that radically simplifies local notifications, from content to permissions.

Usage

import DateBuilder

Today()
    .at(hour: 20, minute: 15)
    .dateComponents() // year: 2021, month: 1, day: 31, hour: 20, minute: 15

NextWeek()
    .weekday(.saturday)
    .at(hour: 18, minute: 50)
    .dateComponents() // DateComponents

EveryWeek(forWeeks: 10, starting: .thisWeek)
    .weekendStartDay
    .at(hour: 9, minute: 00)
    .dates() // [Date]
    
ExactlyAt(account.createdAt)
    .addingDays(15)
    .date() // Date
    
WeekOf(account.createdAt)
    .addingWeeks(1)
    .lastDay
    .at(hour: 10, minute: 00)
    .dateComponents() // DateComponents

EveryMonth(forMonths: 12, starting: .thisMonth)
    .lastDay
    .at(hour: 23, minute: 50)
    .dateComponents() // [DateComponents]

NextYear().addingYears(2)
    .firstMonth.addingMonths(3) // April (in Gregorian)
    .first(.thursday)
    .dateComponents() // year: 2024, month: 4, day: 4

ExactDay(year: 2020, month: 10, day: 5)
    .at(hour: 10, minute: 15)
    .date() // Date

ExactYear(year: 2020)
    .lastMonth
    .lastDay
    .dateComponents()

Guide

Anatomy of a date builder

Every DateBuilder expression ends on a specific day (or a set of days if you use functions like EveryDay/EveryMonth/etc.). First you specify your expression down to a day, and then define the time of day by calling at(hour:minute:) function. For example:

NextWeek()
    .firstDay
    .at(hour: 10, minute: 15)

Once you have your at expression, your date is now fully resolved. You can get a ready-to-use Date or DateComponents instance by calling .date() or .dateComponents().

Slightly more complicated example would be:

let dateComponents = NextYear()
    .firstMonth.addingMonths(3)
    .first(.thursday)
    .at(hour: 21, minute: 00)
    .dateComponents()

So we start on the scale of years, then we notch it down to the scale of months, and then we finally get the specific day, which in this case will be the first thursday of a 4th month of the next year. After that, we finalize our query by using the at function.

Available functions

Day

// top-level
Today()
Tomorrow()
DayOf(account.createdAt)
ExactDay(year: 2021, month: 1, day: 26)
AddingDays(15, to: .today)
AddingDays(15, to: .dayOf(account.createdAt))
EveryDay(forDays: 100, starting: .tomorrow)
EveryDay(forDays: 100, starting: .dayOf(account.createdAt))

// instance
Today()
--->.addingDays(10)

Week

NOTE: the start and end of the week is determined by the currently set Calendar and its Locale. To learn how to customize the calendar object used for DateBuilder queries, see "Customizing the Calendar / Locale / Timezone" section below

// top-level
ThisWeek()
NextWeek()
WeekOf(account.createdAt)
WeekOf(Today()) // use any `DateBuilder.Day` instance here
AddingWeeks(5, to: .thisWeek)
EveryWeek(forWeeks: 10, starting: .nextWeek)

// instance
ThisWeek()
--->.addingWeeks(10) // Week
--->.firstDay // Day
--->.lastDay // Day
--->.allDays // [Day]
--->.weekday(.thursday) // Day
--->.weekendStartDay // Day
--->.weekendEndDay // Day

Month

// top-level
ThisMonth()
NextMonth()
MonthOf(account.createdAt)
MonthOf(Today()) // use any `DateBuilder.Day` instance here
ExactMonth(year: 2021, month: 03)
AddingMonths(3, to: .thisMonth)
EveryMonth(forMonths: 5, starting: .monthOf(account.createdAt))

// instance
ThisMonth()
--->.addingMonths(5) // Month
--->.firstDay // Day
--->.lastDay // Day
--->.allDays // [Day]
--->.first(.saturday) // Day
--->.weekday(.third, .friday) // Day

Year

// top-level
ThisYear()
NextYear()
YearOf(account.createdAt)
YearOf(Tomorrow()) // use any `DateBuilder.Day` instance here
YearOf(NextMonth()) // use any `DateBuilder.Month` instance here
ExactYear(year: 2022)
AddingYears(1, to: ThisYear())
EveryYear(forYears: 100, starting: .thisYear)

// instance
ThisYear()
--->.addingYears(1) // Year
--->.firstMonth // Month
--->.lastMonth // Month
--->.allMonths // [Month]

Resolving the date

Today()
--->.at(hour: 10, minute: 15)
--->.at(hour: 19, minute: 30, second: 30)
--->.at(TimeOfDay(hour: 10, minute: 30, second: 0)) // equivalent to:
--->.at(.time(hour: 10, minute: 30))
--->.at(.randomTime(from: .time(hour: 10, minute: 15), to: .time(hour: 15, minute: 30)))
Today()
    .at(hour: 9, minute: 15)
    .date() // Date
    
// or

Today()
    .at(hour: 9, minute: 15)
    .dateComponents() // DateComponents

You can also get the DateComponents (but not Date) instance by calling dateComponents() on an instance of DateBuilder.Day, without using at:

NextMonth()
    .firstDay
    .dateComponents() // year: 2021, month: 2, day: 1

Using ExactlyAt function

ExactlyAt creates a resolved date from the existing Date instance. You can then use it to perform easy date calculations (functions addingMinutes/addingHours etc.) and easily get Date or DateComponents instances.

ExactlyAt(account.createdAt)
--->.addingSeconds(30)
--->.addingMinutes(1)
--->.addingHours(5)
--->.addingDays(20)
--->.addingMonths(3)
--->.addingWeeks(14)
--->.addingYears(1)

// usge:
ExactlyAt(account.createdAt)
    .addingMinutes(15)
    .dateComponents() // DateComponents

Using Every functions

You can use EveryDay, EveryWeek, EveryMonth and EveryYear functions in the same way as you would use something like Today() or NextYear(). The only difference is that at the end you will get an array of dates instead of a single instance:

let dates = EveryMonth(forMonths: 12, starting: .thisMonth)
    .firstDay.addingDays(9)
    .at(hour: 20, minute: 00)
    .dates() // [Date]
    
// or

let dates = EveryMonth(forMonths: 12, starting: .thisMonth)
    .lastDay.addingDays(-5)
    .at(hour: 20, minute: 00)
    .dateComponents() // [DateComponents]

In case you use .at(.randomTime( ... )) function with Every functions, the exact resolved time will be different each day.

Customizing the Calendar / Locale / Timezone

By default, DateBuilder uses Calendar.current for all calculations. If you need to customize it, you can either change it globally:

var customCalendar = DateBuilder.calendar
customCalendar.firstWeekday = 6
DateBuilder.calendar = customCalendar

Or temporarily, using the DateBuilder.withCalendar function:

DateBuilder.withCalendar(customCalendar) {
    ThisWeek().firstDay.dateComponents()
}

DateBuilder will return to its global Calendar instance after evaluating the expression.

In a similar manner, you can also use DateBuilder.withTimeZone and DateBuilder.withLocale functions:

DateBuilder.withTimeZone(TimeZone(identifier: "America/Cancun")) {
    Tomorrow().at(hour: 9, minute: 15).date()
}

let nextFriday = DateBuilder.withLocale(Locale(identifier: "he_IL")) {
    NextWeek()
        .weekendStartDay
        .at(hour: 7, minute: 00)
        .date() // next friday!
}

All of these functions support returning the result of the closure (see above).

Installation

Swift Package Manager

  1. Click File → Swift Packages → Add Package Dependency.
  2. Enter http://github.com/nicephoton/DateBuilder.git.

Acknowledgments

Built at Nice Photon

Special thanks to:

Related materials:

  • Time by @dreymonde - Type-safe time calculations in Swift, powered by generics
  • Time by @davedelong - Building a better date/time library for Swift

GitHub

link
Stars: 102
Last commit: 2 weeks ago

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iOS Software Engineer @ Perry Street Software
Perry Street Software is Jack’d and SCRUFF. We are two of the world’s largest gay, bi, trans and queer social dating apps on iOS and Android. Our brands reach more than 20 million members worldwide so members can connect, meet and express themselves on a platform that prioritizes privacy and security. We invest heavily into SwiftUI and using Swift Packages to modularize the codebase.

Release Notes

0.0.5
11 weeks ago

Swiftpack is being maintained by Petr Pavlik | @ptrpavlik | @swiftpackco | API