Swiftpack.co - Package - mkrd/Swift-Big-Integer


Swift-Big-Number is a lightweight, and easy-to-use, arbitrary precision arithmetric library for Swift 4. It supports whole Numbers (BInt) and Fractions (BDouble) with most of the common math operators like addition, subtraction, multiplication, exponentiation, modulus and division. Some optimized math functions like factorial or gcd are also implemented. So more details, please continue reading.

Some benchmarks are located in Benchmarks.swift, note that these are more than 10 times faster in release mode.



Simply drag the Swift-Big-Number-Core.swift file from the sources folder into your project! Yes, it's that easy :)

Swift Package Manager

You can use the Swift Package Manager and specify the package dependency in your Package.swift file by adding this:

.Package(url: "https://github.com/mkrd/Swift-Big-Integer.git", majorVersion: 1)


Put the following in your Podfile:

pod 'BigNumber', '~> 2.0', :git => 'https://github.com/mkrd/Swift-Big-Integer.git'


It is recommended to use Xcode 9+ and Swift 4+. Issues have been reported with older versions, so you might want to use an older version of this library if you can't update.


This subsection explains the usage of BInt and BDouble


You can initialize BInt with the following constructors:

BInt(String, radix: Int)?


let integer = BInt(12)
let hexadecimal = BInt("fff", radix: 16)
let string = BInt("-234324176583764598326758236587632649181349105368042856028465298620328782652623")!

BInt offers these struct methods:

let big = BInt("-143141341")!

big.description // Returns "-143141341"
=> print(big) // prints "-143141341"

big.toInt() // returns -143141341 (only works when Int.min <= big <= Int.max)

big.isPositive() // Returns false
big.isNegative() // Returns true
big.isZero() // Returns false

big.negate() // Returns noting, but negates the BInt (mutating func)

big.rawData() // Returns internal structure

The following Operators work with BInt:

// Operating on Int and BInt result in a typecast to BInt

// Addition
BIntOrInt  +  BIntOrInt // Returns BInt
BIntOrInt  += BIntOrInt

BIntOrInt  -  BIntOrInt // Returns BInt
BIntOrInt  -= BIntOrInt

// Multiplication
BIntOrInt  *  BIntOrInt // Returns BInt
BIntOrInt  *= BIntOrInt

// Exponentiation
BInt       **  Int       // Retuns BInt to the power of Int

// Modulo
BIntOrInt  %  BIntOrInt // Returns BInt
BInt       %= BInt

// Division
BInt       /  BInt // Returns BInt
BInt       /= BInt

// Comparing
BInt       == BInt
BInt       != BInt
BInt       <  BInt
BInt       <= BInt
BInt       >  BInt
BInt       >= BInt

Implemented BInt math functions:

fact(Int) // Returns factorial as BInt

gcd(BInt, BInt) // Returns greatest common divisor as BInt

lcm(BInt, BInt) // Returns lowest common multiple as BInt

permutations(BInt, BInt) // Returns BInt

combinations(BInt, BInt) // Returns BInt

Compatibility with Bignum

BInt has a typealias to Bignum that is largely drop-in compatible with the OpenSSL-based Swift big number library. The following properties and operations are available on BInt/Bignum:

public var data: Data				/// Representation as big-endian Data
public var dec: String				/// Decimal string representation
public var hex: String				/// Hexadecimal string representation

public init(hex: String)			/// Initialise a new BInt from a hexadecimal string
public init(_ n: UInt64)			/// Initialise from an unsigned, 64 bit integer
public init(data: Data)				/// Initialise from big-endian Data

/// Combined exponentiation/modulo algorithm
/// - Parameters:
///   - b: base
///   - p: power
///   - m: modulus
/// - Returns: pow(b, p) % m
public func mod_exp(_ b: BInt, _ p: BInt, _ m: BInt) -> BInt

/// Non-negative modulo operation
/// - Parameters:
///   - a: left hand side of the module operation
///   - m: modulus
/// - Returns: r := a % b such that 0 <= r < abs(m)
public func nnmod(_ a: BInt, _ m: BInt) -> BInt


BDouble allows these constructors:

BDouble(Int, over: Int)
BDouble(String, over: String)?
BDouble(String, radix: Int)?


let integer = BDouble(221)
let double = BDouble(1.192)
let fraction = BDouble(3, over: 4)
let stringFraction = BDouble("1" over: "3421342675925672365438867862653658268376582356831563158967")!

BDouble offers these struct methods:

let bigD = BDouble(-12.32)

bigD.description // Returns "-308/25"
=> print(bigD) // prints "-308/25"

bigD.minimize() // Divides numerator and denominator by their gcd for storage and operation efficiency, usually not neccesary, because of automatic minimization

bigD.rawData() // Returns internal structure

The following Operators work with BDouble:

// Needs more operators, interoperability with BInt

// Addition
BDouble + BDouble // Returns BDouble

// Subtraction
BDouble - BDouble // Returns BDouble

// Multiplication
BDouble * BDouble // Returns BDouble

// Division
BDouble / BDouble // Returns BDouble

// Comparing
BDouble < BDouble
a < b <==> b > a
a <= b <==> b >= a
a < b <==> !(a >= b)
a <= b <==> !(a > b)

// More will follow

About performance

BInt about twice as fast as mini-gmp, as of now (not counting the normal gmp, because it needs to be installed and is not portable). For example, BInt can add numbers about 2 times faster than GMP (272ms vs 530ms for fib(100,000)), and multiplication is more than twice as fast. When given the task of calculating and printing factorials successively, BInt performs significantly better than GMP. In addition, GMP is significantly harder to use, while BInt offers an intuitive interface.


  1. Fork it!
  2. Create your feature branch: git checkout -b my-new-feature
  3. Commit your changes: git commit -am 'Add some feature'
  4. Push to the branch: git push origin my-new-feature
  5. Submit a pull request :D


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v2.0 - Dec 18, 2017