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SVMPrefs

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Note: This tool requires Xcode 11 for compilation as it uses some Swift 5.1 language features.

SVMPrefs is a command line tool that generates the code to read and write preferences based on the SVM data.

The SVM name comes from the three main data elements: Store, Variable, and Migrate.

Why?

A typical way UserDefaults is often used is as follows.

let prefs = UserDefaults.standard
if !prefs.bool(forKey: "firstLaunch") {
    prefs.set(true, forKey: "firstLaunch") {
    showFTUX()
}

This kind of on-the-spot use of UserDefaults has at least 11 issues:

  1. The caller has to know the data source: UserDefaults.standard
  2. The caller has to reference the key name, twice: "firstLaunch"
  3. The caller has to know the type: prefs.bool and true
  4. The caller has to know about any conversions: ! and true (did you catch the inverted logic?)
  5. All this code, at the point of use, adds noise around the real purpose of the code -- to call showFTUX() on first app launch.
  6. This code is then repeated in other places for some preferences, thus violating the DRY principle
  7. It is not easy to unit test with the above code.
  8. There may be many other preferences throughout the code -- most likely without documentation
  9. Migrating preferences to a different UserDefaults location is not trivial
  10. Removing deprecated preferences is easy to leave undone or forgotten
  11. There is limited code completion help with this approach

A solution to the above is to define a dedicated class that encapsulates the details of each preference so that the application logic can focus on using them in a simple and clear way. With a dedicated class, using a preference can look like this:

let prefs = AppPrefs()
if prefs.isFirstLaunch {
    prefs.isFirstLaunch = false
    showFTUX()
}

SVMPrefs takes this one step further by generating the code to read, write, migrate and delete preferences based on your SVM specifications.

Install from local build

Note: This tool requires Xcode 11 for compilation as it uses some Swift 5.1 language features.

Run make install from the SVMPrefs root directory to build and install the svmprefs binary in /usr/local/bin.

You can open the project using Xcode 11 by opening the Package.swift file or using xed . from the command line.

Command line

The basic command line is as follows: svmprefs [command] [options] [args]

| Command | Description | |------------------------|---------------------------| | help | Shows help text | | version | Shows version information | | gen source_file_name | Processes the given file and generates the code in the SVM data |

You can run svmprefs gen --help to get additional details on the gen command.

> svmprefs gen --help

Usage: svmprefs gen <input> [options]

Processes the given file and generates the code for the contained SVM data

Options:
  -b, --backup            Create a backup copy of the source file (foo.m -> foo.backup.m)
  -d, --debug             Print debug output
  -h, --help              Show help information
  -i, --indent <value>    Set indent width. (Default: 4)

Using in Xcode

You can integrate SVMPrefs in your Xcode project to have it generate the code prior to compiling as well as highlight any errors in your SVM specifications via a run script.

Add a new "Run Script Phase" that occurs before compilation with something like the following.

set -e

if which svmprefs >/dev/null; then
  # Update this section with the desired command line options and
  # actual file paths to your code that have SVM data.
  # NOTE: svmprefs supports just one file at a time.
  svmprefs gen -i 4 $SRCROOT/Common/SharedUserDefaults.swift
else
  echo "WARNING: svmprefs is not installed. See: https://github.com/ghv/SVMPrefs"
fi

SVM Data Format

You must add a comment block in your code that starts and ends with SVMPREFS like the following.

/*SVMPREFS [NB: the rest of this line reserved for svmprefs tool use]

# this line is treated as a comment by svmprefs
S demo
V Bool | isDemo | demo_key_name | |

SVMPREFS*/

# — Comment

Any line with a # as the first non-white-space character is treated as a comment within the SVMPREFS comment block

S — Store

The store record has three parameters that are | delimited

  • name - A name for this store that is used to define the store's class instance variable and code mark identifier. The name can be anything except delete and migrate.
  • suite - An expression that, if specified, is used to construct a store object with a suite name (AKA app group in iOS). See UserDefaults. Use none to omit generating a store variable as you will supply one in your class. Leave this blank or write standard to use UserDefaults.standard.
  • options - A comma-delimited set of code generation flags. (See code below)
enum Options: String {
    case generateRemoveAllMethod = "RALL"
}

You define one S record for each unique suite. Each S record is followed by any number of V records.

V — Variable

The variable record has five parameters that are | delimited

  • type - Any valid variable type expression including arrays, dates, optionals, and dictionaries.
  • name - The property name for this preference. If the variable is a boolean type, it will have an is prefix prepended if not already prepended.
  • key - The preference's key name. Leading and trailing white-space characters are not supported.
  • options - An optional comma-delimited set of code generation flags (See code below)
  • default - An optional default value to be returned if the preference does not exist in the store or has a null value.
enum Options: String {
    case generateInvertedLogic = "INV"
    case decorateWithObjC = "OBJC"

    // Defining a Bool named 'firstLaunch' with this option will
    // generate code for it as 'isFirstLaunch' in some places.
    case decorateNameWithIsPrefix = "IS"

    case omitGeneratingGetterAndSetter = "NVAR"
    case omitGeneratingSetter = "NSET"

    case addToRemoveAllMethod = "RALL"
    case omitFromRemoveAllMethod = "NRALL"

    case generateRemovePrefMethod = "REM"
    case generateIsSetMethod = "ISSET"
}

M — Migrate

If you have one or more S records, you can use the M records to move the preferences from one store to another or delete them as your needs change.

The migrate record has four parameters that are | delimited:

  • source store - The source S record's name
  • destination store - The destination S record's name. Use delete if source variable is being deleted.
  • source variable name - The variable name in the source store.
  • destination variable name - The variable name in the destination store. Omit if being deleted.

The tool will insert all the migration code in a function called migrate() that you should call every time the app starts. Migration is performed as an object to object read and write. Once, migrated, the key is deleted from the source store. You must include a code mark named migrate somewhere in your class.

Any variable that is migrated or deleted will no longer be accessible from the source store as a property. However, the key for this property will remain in the source store's Keys enum.

Generated Code Marks

The generated code must be placed in a class in your source file. Add a pair of comments, as shown below, with the identifier being the store's name to indicate where the generated code is to be inserted.

    // MARK: BEGIN identifier
    // MARK: END identifier

If you have any migrations defined, you will also need to include a code mark for the migrate identifier.

You can specify multiple identifiers in the same MARK by joining them together with a comma delimiter in the order you want them to appear. The begin and end marks must have the same identifiers in identical order. No spaces around the commas or you will get errors.

    // MARK: BEGIN foo,bar
    // MARK: END foo,bar

Minimal Swift example:

/*SVMPREFS
S demo
V Bool | isDemo | demo_key_name | |
SVMPREFS*/

class MyDemoPreferences {

    // ANYTHING HERE IS LEFT UNTOUCHED

    // MARK: BEGIN demo
    // ANYTHING HERE WILL BE REPLACED
    // BY THE GENERATED CODE
    // MARK: END demo

    // ANYTHING HERE IS LEFT UNTOUCHED
}

Questions & Tips

How can I inject the preference to be read or written?

There may be cases where you need to provide a reference to a preference in a function so that the code in there can then read or write to that preference without having to know the actual property. If you use to use the key name as this reference, you can now use a KeyPath or WriteableKeyPath for this purpose. Here is an example.

/*SVMPREFS
S keypath
V [String] | primaryList   | app.primaryList   | |
V [String] | secondaryList | app.secondaryList | |
SVMPREFS*/

class KeyPathPrefs {
    // MARK: BEGIN keypath
    // MARK: END keypath
}

// Somewhere in your app...
func demo() {
    // A function that needs to use one of several preferences
    func processList(keyPath: KeyPath<KeyPathPrefs, [String]>) {
        let prefs = KeyPathPrefs()
        let list = prefs[keyPath: keyPath]
        // Do something with this list...
    }

    // How you call it:
    processList(keyPath: \.primaryList)
    processList(keyPath: \.secondaryList)
}

License

SVMPrefs is licensed under the Apache 2.0 License. All contributions are welcome. See LICENSE.txt for details.

Thank You!