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firecrestHorizon/SwiftySphericalTriangle v0.1.2
Swift implementation for solving spherical triangles
⭐️ 1
🕓 26 weeks ago
.package(url: "https://github.com/firecrestHorizon/SwiftySphericalTriangle.git", from: "v0.1.2")

Swift Implementation for Solving Spherical Triangles

Vertices and angles at the vertices are denoted by the same upper-case letters A, B anc C. The sum of the angles is π < A+B+C < 3π

Length of the sides are denoted by lower-case letters a, b and c and represent their central angle, measured in angular units in radians. For a unit sphere, the angle in radians and length are equal.

The radius of the sphere, R, is assumed to be unitary. Conversion from central angle to length of a side is length = angle * R.

In all function calls, R is optional and will be 1 by default. If a value for R is provided then return values for a, b and c will be the side length instead of the central angle.

Usage Example

Suppose the triangle has known angles at vertices A and B with the subtended for the side c in between them, the triangle can be solved using the ASA function. If a value for the optional sphere radius is provided, the returned values for sides a, b and c will be the length of the sides.

let st = sphericalTriangle_ASA(vertex1: angle_A, side3: side_c, vertex2: angle_B, ASA: .AcB)
let side_a = st.a
let side_b = st.b
let angle_C = st.A

where the return type is struct SphericalTriangle.

public struct SphericalTriangle {
  public var A: Double
  public var B: Double
  public var C: Double
  public var a: Double
  public var a_dist: Double { get { return a * R } }
  public var b: Double
  public var b_dist: Double { get { return b * R } }
  public var c: Double
  public var c_dist: Double { get { return c * R } }
  public var R: Double = 1.0

Other functions for solving spherical triangles are provided given that the following are known:

  • three sides (SSS)
  • three angles (AAA)
  • two sides and one included angle (SAS)
  • two sides and one adjacent angle (SSA)
  • two angles and one included side (ASA)
  • two angles and one adjacent side (AAS)
  • two angles and two opposite sides (SSAA)
public func sphericalTriangle_SSS(side1: Double, side2: Double, side3: Double, R: Double = 1.0)
public func sphericalTriangle_AAA(vertex1: Double, vertex2: Double, vertex3: Double, R: Double = 1.0)
public func sphericalTriangle_SAS(side2: Double, vertex1 v1: Double, side3: Double, R: Double = 1.0, SAS: optionSAS)
public func sphericalTriangle_SSA(side1: Double, side2: Double, vertex1 v1: Double, R: Double = 1.0, SSA: optionSSA)
public func sphericalTriangle_ASA(vertex1 v1: Double, side3: Double, vertex2 v2: Double, R: Double = 1.0, ASA: optionASA)
public func sphericalTriangle_AAS(vertex1 v1: Double, vertex2 v2: Double, side side1: Double, R: Double, AAS: optionAAS)
public func sphericalTriangle_SSAA(side1: Double, side2: Double, vertex1 v1: Double, vertex2 v2: Double, R: Double = 1.0, SSAA: optionSSAA)

The sides and angles in the calling function are determined using the option enum, for example calling sphericalTriangle_ASA where angles B and C and side a are given, the enum optionASA would be set to .BaC

Swift Package Management

dependencies: [
    .package(url: "https://github.com/firecrestHorizon/SwiftySphericalTriangle.git", from: "0.1.0"),


Limited testing to-date, works for triangles where any single angle is 0 < angle < π


Stars: 1
Last commit: 2 weeks ago
jonrohan Something's broken? Yell at me @ptrpavlik. Praise and feedback (and money) is also welcome.

Release Notes

1 year ago

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