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general tree data structure, tree diffing, NSOutlineView and SwiftUI support
.package(url: "https://github.com/dnadoba/Tree.git", from: "v0.1.1")

Tree - general tree data structure, tree diffing, NSOutlineView and SwiftUI support Documentation

This package primarily includes a general tree data structure. It also includes a tree diffing algorithm and OutlineViewTreeDataSource that allows to use Swift value types with NSOutlineView A demo App can be found in the Tree macOS folder and the NSOutlineView Playground with support for drag and drop, undo/redo and animations.

TreeNode and TreeList can also be used as a model for OutlineGroup in SwiftUI applications. To see it in action, take a look at the SwiftUI-iOS or SwiftUI-macOS Playground.


TreeNode is a general tree data structure implementation as a value type. Each TreeNode has a value and 0 or more children. It is actually just a struct which holds a value and an array of child nodes:

struct TreeNode<Value> {
	var value: Value
	var children: [TreeNode<Value>]

With the help of @resultBuilder you can create a TreeNode like this:

Note: @resultBuilder requires Swift 5.4 or higher (e.g. Xcode 12.5)

let treeNode = TreeNode("root node") {
    "child 1"
    "child 2"
    TreeNode("child 3") {
        "child of child 3"
    "child 4"
//  - root node
//    - child 1
//    - child 2
//    - child 3
//      - child of child 3
//    - child 4

TreeList - a list of TreeNodes

TreeList is a list of TreeNodes, which enables multiple nodes to be at level 0. In addition, TreeList conforms to MutableCollection and BidirectionalCollection which enables a ton of useful algorithms.

let treeList = TreeList<String> {
    "root 1"
    "root 2"
    TreeNode("root 3") {
        "child of root 3"
    "root 4"
//  - root 1
//  - root 2
//  - root 3
//      - child of root 3
//  - root 4

additional methods

TreeNode and TreeList have a similar API. They both support special map, compactMap and filter operations:

extension TreeNode {
    func mapValues<NewValue>(_ transform: (Value) -> NewValue) -> TreeNode<NewValue>
    func mapValuesWithNode<NewValue>(_ transform: (TreeNode<Value>) -> NewValue) -> TreeNode<NewValue>
    func mapValuesWithParents<NewValue>(_ transform: ([Value], Value) -> NewValue) -> TreeNode<NewValue>
    func mapChildrenWithParents<NewValue>(_ transform: ([Value], [Value]) -> NewValue) -> [NewValue]

    func compactMapValues<NewValue>(_ transform: (Value) -> NewValue?) -> TreeNode<NewValue>?

    func filterValues(_ isIncluded: (Value) -> Bool) -> TreeNode<Value>

In addition, they support moving nodes which is useful for implementing drag and drop:

extension TreeList where Value : Hashable {
    /// Moves the TreeNodes at the given `sourceIndices` to `insertIndex`.
    ///  The `sourceIndices` and `insertIndex` are both specified in the before state of the tree.
    ///  If elements are removed before the `insertIndex`, the `insertIndex` will be adjusted.
    ///  The move operation will fail and return nil, if the `insertIndex` is a child of one of the moved TreeNodes.
    /// - Parameters:
    ///   - sourceIndices: the indices of the elements that should be moved
    ///   - insertIndex: the insertion index to move the elements to
    /// - Returns: A new Tree with the specified changes or nil if the the move was not possible
    public func move(indices sourceIndices: [TreeIndex], to insertIndex: TreeIndex) -> TreeList<Value>?


Note: OutlineViewTreeDataSource is defined in a seperate module called TreeUI. You need to import TreeUI to use it.

TreeList and TreeNode were originaly created to be used as data model for NSOutlineView. Therefore, this package includes a tree diffing algorithm and OutlineViewTreeDataSource that allows to use Swift value types with NSOutlineView. Take a look at NSOutlineView Playground or the Tree macOS example Xcode project which are part of this repository. The diffing algorithm can also be used to efficiently send only what has changed over the network to another peer/server.


TreeNode and TreeList can be used with SwiftUI as well.

import SwiftUI
extension TreeNode {
    var optionalChildren: [TreeNode<Value>]? {
        children.isEmpty ? nil : children
struct ContentView: View {
    @State var tree: TreeList<String>
    var body: some View {
        List(tree.nodes, id: \.value, children: \.optionalChildren) { node in

For a full example take a look into the SwiftUI-iOS or SwiftUI-macOS Playground.


Stars: 1
Last commit: 1 week ago

Release Notes

Add support for Swift 5.3 and older platforms
1 week ago
  • make TreeBuilder compile conditionally to support Swift 5.3
  • drop platforms in Package.swift to support older platforms
  • add @available(macOS 10.15, iOS 13, tvOS 13, watchOS 6, *) to TreeDifference and related types
  • move OutlineViewTreeDataSource into separate module called TreeUI

Swiftpack is being maintained by Petr Pavlik | @ptrpavlik | @swiftpackco