Swiftpack.co - Package - dmytro-anokhin/url-image

URLImage

Supported platform: iOS, macOS, tvOS, watchOS Follow me on Twitter

URLImage is a SwiftUI view that displays an image downloaded from provided URL. URLImage manages downloading remote image and caching it locally, both in memory and on disk, for you.

Table of Contents

Features

  • SwiftUI image view for remote images;
  • Asynchronous image loading in the background with cancellation when view disappears;
  • Local disk cache for downloaded images;
  • Download progress indication;
  • Incremental downloading with interlaced images support (interlaced PNG, interlaced GIF, and progressive JPEG);
  • Fully customizable including placeholder, progress indication, and the image view;
  • Image processing and Core Image filters;
  • Control over download delay for better scroll performance in lists;
  • Lower memory consumption when downloading image data directly to disk.

Usage

URLImage can be initialized with URL:

URLImage(url)

URLImage can also be initialized with URLRequest if you need to set additional HTTP headers:

URLImage(urlRequest)

Note: the package expects GET request with URL

When using in lists delay can be provided to postpone loading and improve scrolling performance:

URLImage(url, delay: 0.25)

The placeholder image can be changed:

URLImage(url, placeholder: Image(systemName: "circle"))

Note: Image(systemName:) API is not available on macOS

Transition from 0.6.3 to 0.7.0 and later

0.7.0 release introduces some breaking changes:

  • In 0.6.3 image was internal view. In 0.7.0 image is created by content closure with a proxy object. This provides more flexibility in customization.
  • Placeholder closure is now also accepts an object that can be used to track download progress.
  • Styling functions are now gone. Use content closure to style the image.
  • Configuration object is now gone.

Advanced Customization

URLImage utilizes closures for customization. Downloaded image can be customized using (ImageProxy) -> Content closure. The closure parameter is a proxy that provides access to Image and UIImage or NSImage for iOS and macOS.

URLImage(url) { proxy in
    proxy.image
        .resizable()                     // Make image resizable
        .aspectRatio(contentMode: .fill) // Fill the frame
        .clipped()                       // Clip overlaping parts
    }
    .frame(width: 100.0, height: 100.0)  // Set frame to 100x100.

The placeholder can be customized with (DownloadProgressWrapper) -> Placeholder closure.

URLImage(url, placeholder: { _ in
    Image(systemName: "circle")             // Use different image for the placeholder
        .resizable()                        // Make it resizable
        .frame(width: 150.0, height: 150.0) // Set frame to 150x150
})
URLImage(url, placeholder: { _ in
    // Replace placeholder image with text
    Text("Loading...")
})

Progress View

User ProgressView as a placeholder to display download progress.

Downloading image is a two step process:

  • When progress is 0 the download has not started yet. The best is to display continuously animated activity indicator.
  • When download is in progress you can show a progress indicator. Note: for smaller images the progress can go from 0 to 1 in one go. Than this step won't be called.
URLImage(url, placeholder: {
    ProgressView($0) { progress in
        ZStack {
            if progress > 0.0 {
                // The download has started. CircleProgressView displays the progress.
                CircleProgressView(progress).stroke(lineWidth: 8.0)
            }
            else {
                // The download has not yet started. CircleActivityView is animated activity indicator that suits this case.
                CircleActivityView().stroke(lineWidth: 50.0)
            }
        }
    }
        .frame(width: 50.0, height: 50.0)
})

CircleProgressView and CircleActivityView are two progress views included in the package to showcase the functionality.

Incremental Image Loading

URLImage supports incremental image loading. This way of loading image can create better user experience when using with interlaced PNG, GIF, or progressive JPEG format. Set incremental flag to enable it:

URLImage(url, incremental: true)

Incremental download won't report progress but you can still use activity indicator to play animation when the first bytes has not been loaded yet.

Note: memory consumption in this mode is higher because the image data is stored in memory and written to disk only after the download completes.

Local Cache

URLImage stores downloaded image files in the Caches/ folder. The system may delete the Caches/ folder to free up disk space. However to provide better control this files have expiryDate set. Files with surpassed expiry date are deleted (lazily on attempt to read). By default files expire 7 days after download. Here are the ways to control this:

Provide expiryDate in the constructor:

URLImage(url, expireAfter: Date(timeIntervalSinceNow: 31_556_926.0)) // Expire after a year

Change default expiryDate:

URLImageService.shared.setDefaultExpiryTime(3600.0) // Expire after an hour

Maintaining Local Cache

Because cached files are deleted lazily it is a good idea to clean caches time to time:

  • Call URLImageService.shared.cleanFileCache() at some point on the app launch. This method will asynchronoously clean caches and won't block your launch sequence.

  • Files cache can be reset by calling URLImageService.shared.resetFileCache().

Image Processing, Filters, and Resizing

URLImage supports image processing and Core Image filters. The ImageProcessing encapsulates data and logic to process an image. URLImage initializer accepts an array of ImageProcessing objects.

URLImage(url, processors: [ /* Array of image processors */ ])

Image processing is performed in-order on a background queue. URLImage limits maximum number of operations in order not to create thread explosion.

Note: currently image processing is supported for non-incremental downloads

Custom Image Processor

There are two ways to implement custom image processor:

Implement ImageProcessing protocol. This is the most flexible and reusable approach.

protocol ImageProcessing {

    func process(_ input: CGImage) -> CGImage
}

Use ImageProcessorClosure and pass image processor as a closure.

URLImage(url, processors: [
    ImageProcessorClosure { input in
        // return result or input
    }
]

Core Image Filters

Core Image provides number of useful filters and URLImage has built-in support for it with CoreImageFilterProcessor processor.

// Apply sepia filter

URLImage(url, processors: [
    CoreImageFilterProcessor(name: "CISepiaTone", parameters: [ kCIInputIntensityKey: 0.9 ])
])

When applying multiple Core Image filters it is best to reuse CIContext object:

// Apply sepia and bloom filters

struct MyImageView : View {

    let url: URL

    let ciContext = CIContext()

    var body: some View {
        URLImage(url,
            processors: [
                 CoreImageFilterProcessor(name: "CISepiaTone", parameters: [ kCIInputIntensityKey: 0.9 ], context: self.ciContext),
                 CoreImageFilterProcessor(name: "CIBloom", parameters: [ kCIInputIntensityKey: 1, kCIInputRadiusKey: 10.0 ], context: self.ciContext)
            ])
    }
}

Note: Core Image framework is not supported on watchOS

Resizing and Performance

For best performance it is important to keep main thread free and graphic operations executed by GPU. You can read more in my post here: Rendering performance of iOS apps.

We want to follow this criteria:

  • Image point size must be the same as the view frame;
  • Image scale must be the same as the screen scale;
  • Image color format must be natively supported.

URLImage provides convenient way to resize images preserving color space. Use Resize processor the view frame is know in advance.

URLImage(url,
    processors: [ Resize(size: CGSize(width: 100.0, height: 100.0), scale: UIScreen.main.scale) ],
    content:  {
        $0.image
            .resizable()
            .aspectRatio(contentMode: .fill)
            .clipped()
    })
        .frame(width: 100.0, height: 100.0)

Use UIScreen scale on iOS and NSScreen backingScaleFactor on macOS.

Examples

Using in a view

import SwiftUI
import URLImage

struct DetailView : View {

    let url: URL

    var body: some View {
        URLImage(url,
            placeholder: {
                ProgressView($0) { progress in
                    ZStack {
                        if progress > 0.0 {
                            CircleProgressView(progress).stroke(lineWidth: 8.0)
                        }
                        else {
                            CircleActivityView().stroke(lineWidth: 50.0)
                        }
                    }
                }
                    .frame(width: 50.0, height: 50.0)
            },
            content: {
                $0.image
                    .resizable()
                    .aspectRatio(contentMode: .fit)
                    .clipShape(RoundedRectangle(cornerRadius: 5))
                    .padding(.all, 40.0)
                    .shadow(radius: 10.0)
            })
    }
}

Using in a list

import SwiftUI
import URLImage

struct ListView : View {

    let urls: [URL]

    var body: some View {
        NavigationView {
            List(urls, id: \.self) { url in
                NavigationLink(destination: DetailView(url: url)) {
                    HStack {
                        URLImage(url,
                            delay: 0.25,
                            processors: [ Resize(size: CGSize(width: 100.0, height: 100.0), scale: UIScreen.main.scale) ],
                            content:  {
                                $0.image
                                .resizable()
                                .aspectRatio(contentMode: .fill)
                                .clipped()
                            })
                                .frame(width: 100.0, height: 100.0)

                        Text("\(url)")
                    }
                }
            }
            .navigationBarTitle(Text("Images"))
        }
    }
}

Using image processors and Core Image filters

This example demonstrates using filters from this documentation Processing an Image Using Built-in Filters.

import SwiftUI
import URLImage
import CoreImage

struct DetailView : View {

    let url: URL

    let ciContext = CIContext()

    var body: some View {
        URLImage(url,
            processors: [
                 // Core Image Sepia filter
                 CoreImageFilterProcessor(name: "CISepiaTone", parameters: [ kCIInputIntensityKey: 0.9 ], context: self.ciContext),
                 
                 // Core Image Bloom filter
                 CoreImageFilterProcessor(name: "CIBloom", parameters: [ kCIInputIntensityKey: 1, kCIInputRadiusKey: 10.0 ], context: self.ciContext),

                 // Core Image Lanczos scale in a closure
                 ImageProcessorClosure { input in
                     let scaleFilter = CIFilter(name:"CILanczosScaleTransform")

                     let ciImage = CIImage(cgImage: input)
                     scaleFilter?.setValue(ciImage, forKey: kCIInputImageKey)

                     let aspectRatio = Double(input.width) / Double(input.height)
                     scaleFilter?.setValue(aspectRatio, forKey: kCIInputAspectRatioKey)

                     scaleFilter?.setValue(0.5, forKey: kCIInputScaleKey)

                     guard let outputImage = scaleFilter?.outputImage else {
                         return input
                     }

                     var bounds = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: input.width, height: input.height)
                     bounds.origin.x = bounds.width * -0.25
                     bounds.origin.y = bounds.height * -0.25

                     let resultImage = self.ciContext.createCGImage(outputImage, from: bounds, format: .RGBA8, colorSpace: input.colorSpace)

                     return resultImage ?? input
                 }
            ])
    }
}

URLImage

URLImage allows you to configure its parameters using initializers:

init(_ url: URL, delay: TimeInterval, incremental: Bool, processors: [ImageProcessing]?, expiryDate: Date?)
init(_ urlRequest: URLRequest, delay: TimeInterval, incremental: Bool, processors: [ImageProcessing]?, expiryDate: Date?)

url

URL of the remote image.

urlRequest

URLRequest for the remote image. The package expects GET request with URL.

delay

Delay before URLImage fetches the image from cache or starts to download it. This is useful to optimize scrolling when displaying URLImage in a List view. Default is 0.0.

incremental

Set to use incremental image downloading mode.

processors

Optional list of image processors to apply.

expiryDate

Date when image considered to be expired and needs to be redownloaded.

Misc

Installation

URLImage is a Swift Package and you can install it with Xcode 11:

  • HTTPS https://github.com/dmytro-anokhin/url-image.git URL from github;
  • Open File/Swift Packages/Add Package Dependency... in Xcode 11;
  • Paste the URL and follow steps.

Reporting a Bug

Use GitHub issues to report a bug. Include this information when possible:

  • Summary and/or background;
  • OS and what device you are using;
  • Version of URLImage library;
  • What you expected would happen;
  • What actually happens;
  • Additional information:
    • Screenshots or video demonstrating a bug;
    • Crash log;
    • Sample code, try isolating it so it compiles without dependancies;
    • Test data: if you use public resource provide URLs of the images.

Requesting a Feature

Use GitHub issues to request a feature.

Contributing

Contributions are welcome. Please create a GitHub issue before submitting a pull request to plan and discuss implementation.


If you like the package please share it with your network. When you ship an app with URLImage I would love to know about it 🙌

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