Swiftpack.co - diogopribeiro/Limn as Swift Package

Swiftpack.co is a collection of thousands of indexed Swift packages. Search packages.
See all packages published by diogopribeiro.
diogopribeiro/Limn 0.9.2
A Swift library for inspecting and comparing values in Swift and Objective-C.
⭐️ 15
🕓 2 weeks ago
iOS macOS watchOS tvOS
.package(url: "https://github.com/diogopribeiro/Limn.git", from: "0.9.2")

Limn

Swift Version Platform License

Limn is a Swift library for inspecting and comparing values in Swift and Objective-C. It was conceived as a more concise and complete alternative to Swift's dump() and over time it gained other helpful features for debugging such as support for persistence, diffing and filtering of child elements.

  1. Overview
  2. Installation
  3. Customization
  4. Known issues and limitations
  5. Contributing
  6. License

Overview

Swift provides a couple of ways to convert the contents of any value to a string - the most complete of these being dump(). However, its output format can sometimes be a bit too verbose and difficult to read, especially when the given value contains complex types and/or many child elements:

dump(supportedHTTPStatusCodes)
▿ 3 key/value pairs
  ▿ (2 elements)
    ▿ key: Range(400..<500)
      - lowerBound: 400
      - upperBound: 500
    ▿ value: 2 key/value pairs
      ▿ (2 elements)
        - key: 404
        - value: "Not Found"
      ▿ (2 elements)
        - key: 403
        - value: "Forbidden"
  ▿ (2 elements)
    ▿ key: Range(500..<600)
      - lowerBound: 500
      - upperBound: 600
    ▿ value: 2 key/value pairs
      ▿ (2 elements)
        - key: 503
        - value: "Service Unavailable"
      ▿ (2 elements)
        - key: 500
        - value: "Internal Server Error"
  ▿ (2 elements)
    ▿ key: Range(200..<300)
      - lowerBound: 200
      - upperBound: 300
    ▿ value: 1 key/value pair
      ▿ (2 elements)
        - key: 200
        - value: "OK"

Limn was originally developed as a more concise alternative to dump(). Its default output style is similar to Swift code, which is typically shorter and easier to read:

Limn(of: supportedHTTPStatusCodes).sorted().dump()
[
    200..<300: [
        200: "OK"
    ],
    400..<500: [
        403: "Forbidden",
        404: "Not Found"
    ],
    500..<600: [
        500: "Internal Server Error",
        503: "Service Unavailable"
    ]
]

Limn can print its contents to a String using method .stringDump() or to the standard output (or a TextOutputStream) using method .dump(). These methods offer numerous formatting options, ranging from the indentation level to use to the maximum number of child elements to display for each value. It's even possible to mimic other languages and file formats such as JSON:

Limn(of: playerInfo).dump(format: .json(minified: false))
{
    "name": "Hanna",
    "highScore": 30441,
    "history": [
        27801,
        29383,
        26774
    ]
}

Contrary to dump(), Limn can also properly extract the contents of Objective-C values using the Runtime API (in addition to the Mirror API used for Swift values):

Limn(of: UIView(), maxDepth: 3).sorted().dump(format: .init(maxItems: 4))
UIView(
    __alignmentRectOriginCache: nil,
    __lastNotifiedTraitCollection: UITraitCollection(
        _builtinTraits: ?(…),
        _clientDefinedTraits: nil,
        _environmentWrapper: nil
    ) @ 0x00014cd9e980,
    … (33 more),
    _viewFlags: ?(
        accessibilityIgnoresInvertColors: false,
        accessibilityInterfaceStyleIntent: false,
        … (137 more),
        wantsAutolayout: false,
        wantsDeepColorDrawing: false
    ),
    _window: nil
) @ 0x00012f10e5e0

Two values can be compared using .diff(to:) or Limn.diff(from:to:). These methods return a Limn instance containing both the original and updated values, which are printed as a git-style diff by default:

let before = Player(name: "Tomas", highScore: 17126, history: [12703, 11945, 17126])
let after = Player(name: "Tomas", highScore: 17399, history: [12703, 11945, 17126, 17399])

Limn.diff(from: before, to: after).dump()
  Player(
      … (1 unchanged),
-     highScore: 17126,
+     highScore: 17399,
      history: [
          … (3 unchanged),
+         17399
      ]
  )

Limns can be persisted on the app's container, which may be useful to store certain values for later comparison:

struct MainView: View {

    var body: some View {

        // Print the changes on this SwiftUI View as it gets updated:
        let newValue = Limn(of: self, maxDepth: 5)
        Limn.load("prevValue")?.diffed(to: newValue).dump()
        newValue.save(as: "prevValue")

        return ZStack {
            // ...
        }
    }
}
  MainView(
      _session: EnvironmentObject<Session>(
          _store: Session(
              … (9 unchanged),
              settings: Settings(
                  … (3 unchanged),
                  _endpointHost: AppStorage<String>(
                      location: UserDefaultLocation<String>(
                          … (5 unchanged),
-                         cachedValue: "192.168.1",
+                         cachedValue: "192.168.1.",
                          … (5 unchanged)
                      ) @ 0x600001fa4750
                  ),
                  … (7 unchanged)
              ) @ 0x600000688c40,
              … (8 unchanged)
          ) @ 0x0001436085b0,
-         _seed: 67
+         _seed: 68
      ),
      … (5 unchanged)
  )

Contents of a Limn hierarchy can also be filtered by either a value's description and/or its display style:

Limn(of: supportedHTTPStatusCodes).filtered(value: "503").dump()
[
    … (3 filtered),
    500..<600: [
        … (1 filtered),
        503: "Service Unavailable"
    ]
]

Specific child values or collection elements can be selected using a subscript. This can be particularly useful to isolate inaccessible child properties from their accessible parents or to access specific elements on overly large collections:

Limn(of: UIView())["_inferredLayoutMargins"]?.dump()
UIEdgeInsets(
    top: 42.0,
    left: 8.0,
    bottom: 16.0,
    right: 8.0
)

Statistics and similar information can be gathered using the .stats() method:

Limn(of: UIViewController()).stats()
▿ Stats
  - diffedEntriesCount : 0
  - filteredEntriesCount : 0
  - maxDepth : 4
  ▿ typeNames : 8 elements
    - 0 : "CGSize"
    - 1 : "CGPoint"
    - 2 : "CGRect"
    - 3 : "NSDirectionalEdgeInsets"
    - 4 : "UIKit.UITraitCollection"
    - 5 : "UIViewController"
    - 6 : "UIEdgeInsets"
  - unresolvedEntriesCount : 0

Other minor features include support for undiffing and sorting of (non-indexed) elements.

Installation

Limn can be added to your project using Swift Package Manager, CocoaPods or as an Xcode subproject.

To import Limn with Cocoapods, add the following dependency to your Podfile:

pod 'Limn'

Customization

CustomLimnRepresentable

The representation of a type (and its children) can be fully customized in case you're not happy with the defaults. By conforming the desired type to the CustomLimnRepresentable protocol you can:

  • Adjust its type name by implementing the static property customLimnTypeName;
  • Return a fully customized Limn for an instance by implementing method customLimn(defaultLimn:context:).

Example:

extension UIControl.State: CustomLimnRepresentable {

    public static var customLimnTypeName: String {
        "UIKit.UIControl.State.Type"
    }

    public func customLimn(defaultLimn: () -> Limn, context: Limn.InitContext) -> Limn {

        let caseName: String
        switch self {
        case .application: caseName = "application"
        case .disabled: caseName = "disabled"
        case .focused: caseName = "focused"
        case .highlighted: caseName = "highlighted"
        case .normal: caseName = "normal"
        case .reserved: caseName = "reserved"
        case .selected: caseName = "selected"
        default: caseName = "@unknown"
        }

        return .enum(name: Limn.typeName(of: self), caseName: caseName, associatedValue: nil)
    }
}

Limn provides several implementations of CustomLimnRepresentable out of the box for commonly used types (including the example seen above).

DumpFormat

The default output format used by .dump() and .stringDump() can be modified by adjusting properties of Limn.DumpFormat.default (e.g. Limn.DumpFormat.default.maxItems = 4). To create a reusable format, add an extension of Limn.DumpFormat and declare your style as a static property returning Self. This format can then be passed to methods .dump(format:) and .stringDump(format:).

Known issues and limitations

  • Diffing feature requires Array.difference(from:by:), which is only available if the library is compiled with the following targets or above:

    • iOS 13.0
    • macOS 10.15
    • watchOS 6.0
    • tvOS 13.0
  • Objective-C support is incomplete as of v0.9.X. Some less common data types will not be parsed.

  • Due to limitations of the language, it's not possible to obtain Swift-like fully qualified names from Objective-C types (e.g. a UIKit.UIControl.State value is identified as __C.UIControlState by default).

    • This can be fixed by customizing the type name though CustomLimnRepresentable. Several extensions are provided in the Customization/BuiltIn folder.
  • When diffing, two instances from types that conform to Equatable will be wrongly identified as having no changes if the result from the == operator is false but their Limn descriptions are identical.

Contributing

All contributions are welcome! You can open a discussion first if you wish to talk about some topic prior to the development and submission. Please try to match the existing code style if you open a PR.

License

Limn is provided with an MIT License. See the LICENSE file for more details.

GitHub

link
Stars: 15
Last commit: 2 weeks ago
jonrohan Something's broken? Yell at me @ptrpavlik. Praise and feedback (and money) is also welcome.

Swiftpack is being maintained by Petr Pavlik | @ptrpavlik | @swiftpackco | API | Analytics