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apple/swift-experimental-string-processing swift-DEVELOPMENT-SNAPSHOT-2024-02-15-a
An early experimental general-purpose pattern matching engine for Swift.
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🕓 1 week ago
.package(url: "https://github.com/apple/swift-experimental-string-processing.git", from: "swift-DEVELOPMENT-SNAPSHOT-2024-02-15-a")

Declarative String Processing for Swift

An early experimental general-purpose pattern matching engine for Swift.

See Declarative String Processing Overview


Trying it out

To try out the functionality provided here, download the latest open source development toolchain. Import _StringProcessing in your source file to get access to the API and specify -Xfrontend -enable-experimental-string-processing to get access to the literals.

For example, in a Package.swift file's target declaration:

    name: "foo",
    dependencies: ["depA"],
    swiftSettings: [.unsafeFlags(["-Xfrontend", "-enable-experimental-string-processing"])]

Integration with Swift

_RegexParser and _StringProcessing are specially integrated modules that are built as part of apple/swift.

Specifically, _RegexParser contains the parser for regular expression literals and is built both as part of the compiler and as a core library. _CUnicode and _StringProcessing are built together as a core library named _StringProcessing.

Module Swift toolchain component
_RegexParser SwiftCompilerSources/Sources/_RegexParser and stdlib/public/_RegexParser
_CUnicode stdlib/public/_StringProcessing
_StringProcessing stdlib/public/_StringProcessing

Branching scheme

Development branch

The main branch is the branch for day-to-day development. Generally, you should create PRs against this branch.

Swift integration branches

Branches whose name starts with swift/ are Swift integration branches similar to those in apple/llvm-project. For each branch, dropping the swift/ prefix is the corresponding branch in apple/swift.

apple/swift branch apple/swift-experimental-string-processing branch
main swift/main
release/5.7 swift/release/5.7
... swift/...

A pair of corresponding branches are expected to build successfully together and pass all tests.

Integration workflow

To integrate the latest changes in apple/swift-experimental-string-processing to apple/swift, carefully follow the workflow:

  • Create pull requests.
    • Create a branch from a commit on main that you would like to integrate into swift/main.
    • Create a pull request in apple/swift-experimental-string-processing from that branch to swift/main, e.g. "[Integration] main () -> swift/main".
    • If apple/swift needs to be modified to work with the latest main in apple/swift-experimental-string-processing, create a pull request in apple/swift. Note: Since CI in apple/swift-experimental-string-processing has not yet been set up to run full toolchain tests, you should create a PR in apple/swift regardless; if the integartion does not require changing apple/swift, create a dummy PR in apple/swift by changing the README and just not merge it in the end.
  • Trigger CI.
    • In the apple/swift-experimental-string-processing pull request, trigger CI using the following command (replacing <PR NUMBER> with the apple/swift pull request number, if any):
      apple/swift#<PR NUMBER> # use this line only if there is an corresponding apple/swift PR
      @swift-ci please test
    • In the apple/swift pull request (if any), trigger CI using the following command (replacing <PR NUMBER> with the apple/swift-experimental-string-processing pull request number):
      apple/swift-experimental-string-processing#<PR NUMBER>
      @swift-ci please test
  • Merge when approved.
    • Merge the pull request in apple/swift-experimental-string-processing as a merge commit.
    • Merge the pull request in apple/swift (if any).

Development notes

Compiler integration can be tricky. Use special caution when developing _RegexParser and _StringProcessing modules.

  • Do not change the names of these modules without due approval from compiler and infrastructure teams.
  • Do not modify the existing ABI (e.g. C API, serialization format) between the regular expression parser and the Swift compiler unless absolutely necessary.
  • Always minimize the number of lockstep integrations, i.e. when apple/swift-experimental-string-processing and apple/swift have to change together. Whenever possible, introduce new API first, migrate Swift compiler onto it, and then deprecate old API. Use versioning if helpful.
  • In _StringProcessing, do not write fully qualified references to symbols in _CUnicode, and always wrap import _CUnicode in a #if canImport(_CUnicode). This is because _CUnicode is built as part of _StringProcessing with CMake.


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