Swift Async Algorithms is an open-source package of asynchronous sequence and advanced algorithms that involve concurrency, along with their related types.
This package has three main goals:
AsyncAlgorithms is a package for algorithms that work with values over time. That includes those primarily about time, like
throttle, but also algorithms about order like
merge. Operations that work with multiple inputs (like
zip does on
Sequence) can be surprisingly complex to implement, with subtle behaviors and many edge cases to consider. A shared package can get these details correct, with extensive testing and documentation, for the benefit of all Swift apps.
The foundation for AsyncAlgorithms was included in Swift 5.5 from AsyncSequence. Swift 5.5 also brings the ability to use a natural
for/in loop with
await to process the values in an
Sequence-equivalent API like
filter. Structured concurrency allows us to write code where intermediate state is simply a local variable,
try can be used directly on functions that
throw, and generally treat the logic for asynchronous code similar to that of synchronous code.
chain(_:...): Concatenates two or more asynchronous sequences with the same element type.
combineLatest(_:...): Combines two or more asynchronous sequences into an asynchronous sequence producing a tuple of elements from those base asynchronous sequences that updates when any of the base sequences produce a value.
merge(_:...): Merges two or more asynchronous sequence into a single asynchronous sequence producing the elements of all of the underlying asynchronous sequences.
zip(_:...): Creates an asynchronous sequence of pairs built out of underlying asynchronous sequences.
joined(separator:): Concatenated elements of an asynchronous sequence of asynchronous sequences, inserting the given separator between each element.
async: Create an asynchronous sequence composed from a synchronous sequence.
AsyncChannel: An asynchronous sequence with back pressure sending semantics.
AsyncThrowingChannel: An asynchronous sequence with back pressure sending semantics that can emit failures.
AsyncBufferedByteIterator: A highly efficient iterator useful for iterating byte sequences derived from asynchronous read functions.
adjacentPairs(): Collects tuples of adjacent elements.
chunked(...): Collect values into chunks.
compacted(): Remove nil values from an asynchronous sequence.
removeDuplicates(): Remove sequentially adjacent duplicate values.
interspersed(with:): Place a value between every two elements of an asynchronous sequence.
debounce(for:tolerance:clock:): Emit values after a quiescence period has been reached.
throttle(for:clock:reducing:): Ensure a minimum interval has elapsed between events.
AsyncTimerSequence: Emit the value of now at a given interval repeatedly.
RangeReplaceableCollection.init(_:): Creates a new instance of a collection containing the elements of an asynchronous sequence.
Dictionary.init(uniqueKeysWithValues:): Creates a new dictionary from the key-value pairs in the given asynchronous sequence.
Dictionary.init(_:uniquingKeysWith:): Creates a new dictionary from the key-value pairs in the given asynchronous sequence, using a combining closure to determine the value for any duplicate keys.
Dictionary.init(grouping:by:): Creates a new dictionary whose keys are the groupings returned by the given closure and whose values are arrays of the elements that returned each key.
SetAlgebra.init(_:): Creates a new set from an asynchronous sequence of items.
Task.select(_:): Determine the first task to complete of a sequence of tasks.
Each algorithm has specific behavioral effects. For throwing effects these can either be if the sequence throws, does not throw, or rethrows errors. Sendability effects in some asynchronous sequences are conditional whereas others require the composed parts to all be sendable to satisfy a requirement of
Sendable. The effects are listed here.
To use the
AsyncAlgorithms library in a SwiftPM project,
add the following line to the dependencies in your
"AsyncAlgorithms" as a dependency for your executable target:
.target(name: "<target>", dependencies: [ .product(name: "AsyncAlgorithms", package: "swift-async-algorithms"), ]),
import AsyncAlgorithms to your source code.
⚠️ Please note that this package requires Xcode 14 on macOS hosts. Previous versions of Xcode do not contain the required Swift version.
swiftexecutable is in the binary search path environment variable (
The Swift Async Algorithms package has a goal of being source stable as soon as possible; version numbers will follow Semantic Versioning. Source breaking changes to public API can only land in a new major version.
The public API of version 1.0 of the
swift-async-algorithms package will consist of non-underscored declarations that are marked
public in the
AsyncAlgorithms module. Interfaces that aren't part of the public API may continue to change in any release, including patch releases.
Future minor versions of the package may introduce changes to these rules as needed.
We'd like this package to quickly embrace Swift language and toolchain improvements that are relevant to its mandate. Accordingly, from time to time, we expect that new versions of this package will require clients to upgrade to a more recent Swift toolchain release. Requiring a new Swift release will only require a minor version bump.