Swiftpack.co - Package - NSHipster/DBSCAN

DBSCAN

CI

Density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise.

DBSCAN is a clustering algorithm. Give it a collection of values and the algorithm organizes them into groups of nearby values.

For many of us, if we're familiar with clustering algorithms at all, we know about k-means clustering. But one of the challenges with k-means is that you need to specify a number of clusters ("k") in order to use it. Much of the time, we won't know what a reasonable k value is a priori. (In fact, that's often what we want to know in the first place!)

What's nice about DBSCAN is that you don't have to specify a number of clusters to use it. All you need is a function to calculate distance between values and some guidance for what amount of distance is considered "close". DBSCAN also produces more reasonable results than k-means across a variety of different distributions.

DBSCAN k-means Comparison

Usage

import DBSCAN
import simd

let input: [SIMD3<Double>] = [[ 0, 10, 20 ],
                              [ 0, 11, 21 ],
                              [ 0, 12, 20 ],
                              [ 20, 33, 59 ],
                              [ 21, 32, 56 ],
                              [ 59, 77, 101 ],
                              [ 58, 79, 100 ],
                              [ 58, 76, 102 ],
                              [ 300, 70, 20 ],
                              [ 500, 300, 202],
                              [ 500, 302, 204 ]]

let dbscan = DBSCAN(input)

#if swift(>=5.2)
let (clusters, outliers) = dbscan(epsilon: 10,
                                  minimumNumberOfPoints: 1,
                                  distanceFunction: simd.distance)
#else // Swift <5.2 requires explicit `callAsFunction` method name
let (clusters, outliers) = dbscan.callAsFunction(epsilon: 10, 
                                                 minimumNumberOfPoints: 1, 
                                                 distanceFunction: simd.distance)
#endif

print(clusters)
// [ [0, 10, 20], [0, 11, 21], [0, 12, 20] ]
// [ [20, 33, 59], [21, 32, 56] ],
// [ [58, 79, 100], [58, 76, 102], [59, 77, 101] ],
// [ [500, 300, 202], [500, 302, 204] ],

print(outliers)
// [ [ 300, 70, 20 ] ]

Requirements

  • Swift 5.1+

Installation

Swift Package Manager

Add the DBSCAN package to your target dependencies in Package.swift:

import PackageDescription

let package = Package(
  name: "YourProject",
  dependencies: [
    .package(
        url: "https://github.com/NSHipster/DBSCAN",
        from: "0.0.1"
    ),
  ]
)

Then run the swift build command to build your project.

License

MIT

Contact

Mattt (@mattt)

Github

link
Stars: 37

Dependencies

Used By

Total: 0