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StatKit

Swift Package Manager macOS + iOS + iPadOS Twitter: @jimmymandersson

Welcome to StatKit, a collection of statistical analysis tools for Swift developers. StatKit adds tools for statistical analysis directly to the Swift types you use every day, such as Array, Set, and Dictionary.

Builtin Statistics

StatKit extends the Swift standard library to include relevant functionality for statistical analysis in the types you work with every day. Using StatKit, you will be able to calculate a variety of useful statistics such as:

  • Central Tendency
    Calculate modes, means, and medians of your data collections.

  • Variability
    Compute variances and standard deviations.

  • Correlation
    Find linear tendencies and covariance of measurements.

A simple example would be to calculate the modes of an integer array, which can be done easily with the following piece of code:

print([1, 2, 3, 3, 2, 4].mode(of: \.self))

// Prints [3, 2]

In this case, mode(of:) takes a KeyPath argument which specifies the variable inside the array that you are interested in. In the example above, we specify the \.self keypath, which points to the array element itself (in this case, the integers).

The pattern of specifying one or more variables to investigate is common throughout the StatKit library. It allows you to calculate similar statistics for a variety of different types using the same syntax. For example, both of the below examples produce valid results, even though the types under investigation are completely disparate:

Calculating the mode of all characters in a String:

print("StatKit".mode(of: \.self))

// Prints ["t"]

Calculating the mode of CGPoint y-values in an array:

import CoreGraphics

let points = [CGPoint(x: 0, y: 1), 
              CGPoint(x: 1, y: 3), 
              CGPoint(x: 3, y: 1)]

print(points.mode(of: \.y))
// Prints [1.0]

Computing statistics for collections of complex custom types

As the examples in the previous section showed, calculating statistics is easy when using collections of types that are readily available. However, most of us work with custom data structures in our projects. Luckily, StatKit provides support for arbitrary custom types thanks to the extensive use of generics.

Let us look at a custom data structure that keeps track of collected data points for a specific brand of cars, and how we can use StatKit to wasily calculate the mean and standard deviation of their fuel consumption:

struct FuelConsumption {
  let modelYear: String
  let litersPer10Km: Double
}

let measurements: [FuelConsumption] = [...]

measurements.mean(.arithmetic, of: \.litersPer10Km)
measurements.standardDeviation(of: \.litersPer10Km, from: .sample)

As you can see, using KeyPath's makes the StatKit API easy to use and reusable across completely arbitrary custom structures. This example also exposes two other recuring patterns.

Specifying calculation methods and bias functions

Firstly, the possibility to pick between different calculation methods that is seen in the mean(_:of:) method. Since there are often multiple methods of calculating the same type of statistic, StatKit provides parameters for you to choose which method you would like to use. If deemed a better fit for the problem at hand, the .arithmetic argument could be exchanged for .geometric. This change, rather obviously, results in computation of the geometric mean, instead of the arithmetic mean.

Secondly, the possibility of specifying whether your data constitues an entire population or whether it should be considered a sample. Since many estimators use different techniques to reduce the bias of their results, you are able to provide the library with important hints about the data sets composition to get better calculations. In the fuel consumption example, the standardDeviation(of:from:) method gives you the opportunity to specify whether your measurements consitute the entire population, or merely a sample of the population that is under investigation.

System Requirements

To use StatKit, make sure that your system has Swift 5.2 (or later) installed. If you’re using a Mac, also make sure that xcode-select points at an Xcode installation that includes a valid version of Swift and that you’re running macOS Catalina (10.15) or later.

IMPORTANT
StatKit does not officially support any beta software, including beta versions of Xcode and macOS, or unreleased versions of Swift.

Installation

Swift Package Manager

To install StatKit using the Swift Package Manager, add it as a dependency in your Package.swift file:

let package = Package(
    ...
    dependencies: [
        .package(url: "https://github.com/JimmyMAndersson/StatKit.git", from: "0.1.0")
    ],
    ...
)

Then import StatKit where you would like to use it:

import StatKit

Cocoapods

To install StatKit using Cocoapods, simply add pod 'StatKit' to your Podfile. To use a specific version, check out the Podfile reference for the appropriate syntax.

target 'MyApp' do
  use_frameworks!
  pod 'StatKit'
end

Contributions and support

StatKit is a young project that is under active development, and is likely to have limitations. These limitations are most likely to be discovered and uncovered as more people starts using it, since use cases may vary greatly between developers.

If you would like to see some missing feature in the library, feel free to open an issue and open a Pull Request. Every Pull Request - from documentation additions to advanced computational functionality - is welcome.

Enjoy using StatKit!

Github

link
Stars: 16

Dependencies

Used By

Total: 0

Releases

0.2.0 - 2020-08-17 15:46:39

Welcome to the StatKit beta. StatKit beta 2 brings new functionality to the standard library components you use every day. From now, you are able to:

  • Rank arbitrary collections of data, using one of many ranking methods.
  • Calculate monotonic relationships for collections of data, using Spearman's Rho or Kendall's Tau.
  • Pick between different strategies for calculating the median of a data set.
  • Compute quantiles for arbitrary data sets, using one of many estimation strategies.

Feel free to help me develop and maintain this library if you like it! https://github.com/sponsors/JimmyMAndersson

Thank you, and enjoy using StatKit!

v0.1.2 - 2020-07-14 11:22:34

Welcome to the StatKit beta. Feel free to play around with the functionality, and open an issue or a pull request if there is any functionality that you would like to see in future releases.

Thank you, and enjoy!

v0.1.1 - 2020-07-10 21:41:24

Welcome to the StatKit beta. Feel free to play around with the functionality, and open an issue or a pull request if there is any functionality that you would like to see in future releases.

Thank you, and enjoy!