Swiftpack.co - Package - DavidSkrundz/Math

Math

Modular arithmetic and bitwise operations

Importing

.package(url: "https://github.com/DavidSkrundz/Math.git", .upToNextMinor(from: "1.4.0"))

Random

Declares the four random() functions that come with FixedWidthInteger

ModularOperations

Declares modular arithmetic operations

func modulo(_ modulo: Self) -> Self
func adding(_ other: Self, modulo: Self) -> Self
func subtracting(_ other: Self, modulo: Self) -> Self
func multiplying(_ other: Self, modulo: Self) -> Self
func exponentiating(by exponent: Self, modulo: Self) -> Self
func inverse(modulo: Self) -> Self?
func gcdDecomposition(_ other: Self) -> (gcd: Self, selfCount: Self, otherCount: Self)

FloatingPoint and BinaryInteger define modulo

BinaryInteger where Self: ModularOperations defines exponentiating and inverse

FixedWidthInteger implements the remaining functions

Int, Int8, Int16, Int32, Int64, UInt, UInt8, UInt16, UInt32, and UInt64 all conform to ModularOperations

BinaryInteger

Bit Rotation:

static func >>> <RHS: BinaryInteger>(lhs: Self, rhs: RHS) -> Self
static func <<< <RHS: BinaryInteger>(lhs: Self, rhs: RHS) -> Self

FixedWidthInteger

Byte Conversion:

var littleEndianBytes: [UInt8]
var bigEndianBytes: [UInt8]

Array where Element == UInt8

String Conversion:

var hexString: String

Array where Element: BinaryInteger

Bit Packing/Unpacking:

func asBigEndian<T: BinaryInteger>(sourceBits: Int = MemoryLayout<Element>.size * 8, resultBits: Int = MemoryLayout<T>.size * 8) -> [T]
func asLittleEndian<T: BinaryInteger>(sourceBits: Int = MemoryLayout<Element>.size * 8, resultBits: Int = MemoryLayout<T>.size * 8) -> [T]

FiniteFieldInteger

A protocol used for defining custom finite fields. It implements Numeric, Strideable, and LosslessStringConvertible

Defining a new FiniteFieldInteger:

struct F_31: FiniteFieldInteger {
	static var Order = UInt8(31) // Must be prime
	var value: Element = 0
}

Implemented functionality:

init()
init(_ value: Element)
init(integerLiteral value: Element)
init?(_ description: String)
init?<T>(exactly source: T) where T: BinaryInteger

var description: String

func distance(to other: Self) -> Int
func advanced(by n: Int) -> Self

static func == (lhs: Self, rhs: Self) -> Bool
static func < (lhs: Self, rhs: Self) -> Bool

static func ... (minimum: Self, maximum: Self) -> ClosedRange<Self>

static func + (lhs: Self, rhs: Self) -> Self
static func - (lhs: Self, rhs: Self) -> Self
static func * (lhs: Self, rhs: Self) -> Self
static func / (lhs: Self, rhs: Self) -> Self
static func % (lhs: Self, rhs: Self) -> Self
func exponentiating(by value: Element) -> Self

static func += (lhs: inout Self, rhs: Self)
static func -= (lhs: inout Self, rhs: Self)
static func *= (lhs: inout Self, rhs: Self)
static func /= (lhs: inout Self, rhs: Self)
static func %= (lhs: inout Self, rhs: Self)

BigUInt

An arbitrary precision unsigned integer type. It conforms to UnsignedInteger and ModularOperations, and provides func power<T: BinaryInteger>(of exponent: T) -> BigUInt

gcdDecomposition() of BigUInt only returns a valid gcd. The selfCount and otherCount values are meaningless (and always zero)

Currently there is no BigInt implementation so the Strideable conformance comes from the standard library meaning it is not safe to call distance(to other: BigUInt) or advanced(by n: BigInt) unless the difference is within the range of Int

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