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Cascable/cascablecore-swift
A Swift-y API for CascableCore.
.package(url: "https://github.com/Cascable/cascablecore-swift.git", from: "10.0.1")

CascableCoreSwift

CascableCoreSwift is a Swift package that provides better, more "Swift-y" APIs for CascableCore — an SDK for working with over 200 models of WiFi-enabled DSLR and mirrorless cameras. This package is additive in that it adds to the existing CascableCore APIs rather than replacing it.

  • For more information on the CascableCore product, including getting a trial license, see the Cascable Developer Portal.

  • The best starting point for working with the SDK is by seeing CascableCore in action by checking out the CascableCore Demo Projects repository. You'll need a trial license for it to do anything useful!

  • Next, our Getting Started With CascableCore document contains discussion about the CascableCore APIs and concepts in the order in which you're likely to encounter them. These APIs and concepts are equally important for both Objective-C and Swift developers.

Strongly-Typed Property API

This package adds a strongly-typed property API to Camera, allowing much nicer property-manipulating code to be written in Swift. The API is largely similar to the new Objective-C version introduced in CascableCore 10.0, except for the following:

  • Key-Value Observing cannot be used.

  • There is no special "exposure" property type, and no currentExposureValue property. Instead, such properties are simply strongly-typed with an exposure type, and commonValue returns the exposure value.

  • commonValue can now return nil (instead of PropertyCommonValueNone).

For example:

let isoProperty = camera.property(for: .iso) // Gives you a `TypedCameraProperty<ISOValue>`
print("ISO is: \(isoProperty.currentValue.localizedDisplayValue)")

// Because properties are strongly-typed, we can do nice logic.
if isoProperty?.commonValue == .iso100 { print("ISO 100!") }

// Important: The observation will invalidate when this token is 
// deallocated — it should be stored somewhere!
let observerToken = property.addObserver { property, changeType in
    if changeType.contains(.value) { 
       print("ISO changed to: \(property.currentValue.localizedDisplayValue)!")
    }
    
    if changeType.contains(.validSettableValues) {
        print("Valid ISOs changed to: \(property.validSettableValues.compactMap({ $0.localizedDisplayValue }))!")
    }
}

For documentation on the new property API introduced with CascableCore 10.0, see the documentation in CascableCore.

Combine Publishers

If you're a fan of Combine, this package provides a Combine publisher for property values and camera live view.

Basic Usage

There are APIs added to Camera which are convenience methods for creating publishers for camera values or valid settable values. For example:

camera.publisher(for: .shutterSpeed).sink { shutterSpeedProperty in
    // Fires whenever the current value or valid settable values change.
}

camera.valuePublisher(for: .shutterSpeed).sink { shutterSpeed in
    // Fires whenever the current value changes.
    print("The current shutter speed is: \(shutterSpeed?.localizedDisplayValue ?? "nil")")
}

camera.settableValuesPublisher(for: .shutterSpeed).sink { shutterSpeeds in 
    // Fires whenever the valid settable values change.
    print("Valid shutter speeds are: \(shutterSpeeds.compactMap({ $0.localizedDisplayValue }))")
}

Also included is a general-purpose helper for "flattening" combined publishers, called .flatten(). For example:

camera.valuePublisher(for: .shutterSpeed)
    .combineLatest(camera.valuePublisher(for: .aperture))
    .combineLatest(camera.valuePublisher(for: .iso))
    .flatten()
    .sink { shutter, aperture, iso in
        print("Exposure triangle values: \(shutter), \(aperture), \(iso)")
    }

Live View

Due to the nature of live view, its publisher has some usage considerations to be aware of. In particular:

  • Starting and stopping live view is a very heavy, multi-second long operation.

  • Live view frames are very expensive to get, each requiring a round-trip to the hardware camera and a decent amount of CPU resources to decode. They can also come in very fast, sometimes faster than can be reasonably rendered on-screen.

  • There is only a single source of live view frames: the connected piece of camera hardware.

With these limitations in mind, there can only be one Combine live view publisher per camera instance. Additional calls to the liveViewPublisher property or liveViewPublisher(options:) method will always return the same publisher for any given camera. This means that options applied to the publisher via liveViewPublisher(options:) or applyLiveViewOptions(_:) will affect all subscribers to a camera's live view publisher.

The live view frame publisher will start camera live view when the first demand is issued from a subscriber, and will be turned off shortly after the last subscriber is removed — this allows clients to rebuild their subscribers without turning live view off and immediately back on again.

To manage frame pacing and resource management, the live view publisher uses Combine's Demand concept. Unfortunately, Combine's default .sink and .assign subscriptions immediately issue an .unlimited amount of demand, and as such are very much discouraged for use with the live view publisher — without the ability to manage demand the publisher has no choice but to continuously request new frames, which can cause overly large amounts of CPU usage as well as buffer backfill if frames are coming in faster than they can be consumed. Unfortunately, Combine operators like .throttle don't manage demand in this way — .throttle simply drops values, so you'll be needlessly using a large amount of resources with a .throttle then a .sink.

Using any subscription that issues an .unlimited demand will cause the live view publisher to print a warning message to the console.

In order to mitigate this, CascableCoreSwift provides a new subscription method, very similar to .sink, that takes a completion handler to inform the subscription and publisher when it's appropriate to deliver more frames. To use it, call .sinkWithReadyHandler on a publisher, and make sure you call the ready handler when you're ready for more values. For example:

// In this example, we're processing the frame synchronously in the subscription closure.

camera.liveViewPublisher(options: [.skipImageDecoding: true])
    .receive(on: DispatchQueue.global(qos: .default))
    .sinkWithReadyHandler { completion in
        print("Live view ended with completion reason: \(completion)" )
    } receiveValue: { frame, readyForNextFrame in
        let result = processFrameSynchronously(frame)
        readyForNextFrame()
    }
    
// In this example, we're rendering the frame asynchronously and informing the subscription
// when we're done and ready for another frame.

camera.liveViewPublisher(options: [.skipImageDecoding: true])
    .receive(on: DispatchQueue.global(qos: .default))
    .sinkWithReadyHandler { completion in
        print("Live view ended with completion reason: \(completion)" )
    } receiveValue: { frame, readyForNextFrame in
        let result = processFrameSynchronously(frame)
        DispatchQueue.main.async {
            // Rendering an image to screen still takes some time.
            self.renderProcessedFrameOnScreen(result)
            readyForNextFrame()
        }
    }

Manual Camera Discovery

This package adds a nicer API for manual camera discovery, allowing quick creation of descriptors and a Result<Camera, Error> result in the completion handler:

let manualDiscovery = CameraDiscovery.shared.manualDiscovery

manualDiscovery.discover(.cameraAtSuggestedGateway(.canon)) { result in
    switch result {
    case .success(let camera):
        // Use the camera. Make sure you keep a strong reference to it!
    case .failure(let error):
        print("Couldn't resolve camera with error: \(error)")
    }
}

manualDiscovery.discover(.cameraType(.canon, atGatewayOfInterface: "en0")) { result in
    switch result {
    case .success(let camera):
        // Use the camera. Make sure you keep a strong reference to it!
    case .failure(let error):
        print("Couldn't resolve camera with error: \(error)")
    }
}

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