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SwiftLint

A tool to enforce Swift style and conventions, loosely based on GitHub's Swift Style Guide.

SwiftLint hooks into Clang and SourceKit to use the AST representation of your source files for more accurate results.

Build Status codecov.io

This project adheres to the Contributor Covenant Code of Conduct. By participating, you are expected to uphold this code. Please report unacceptable behavior to info@realm.io.

Language Switch: 中文, 한국어.

Installation

Using Homebrew:

brew install swiftlint

Using CocoaPods:

Simply add the following line to your Podfile:

pod 'SwiftLint'

This will download the SwiftLint binaries and dependencies in Pods/ during your next pod install execution and will allow you to invoke it via ${PODS_ROOT}/SwiftLint/swiftlint in your Script Build Phases.

This is the recommended way to install a specific version of SwiftLint since it supports installing a pinned version rather than simply the latest (which is the case with Homebrew).

Note that this will add the SwiftLint binaries, its dependencies' binaries and the Swift binary library distribution to the Pods/ directory, so checking in this directory to SCM such as git is discouraged.

Using Mint:

$ mint install realm/SwiftLint

Using a pre-built package:

You can also install SwiftLint by downloading SwiftLint.pkg from the latest GitHub release and running it.

Compiling from source:

You can also build from source by cloning this project and running git submodule update --init --recursive; make install (Xcode 10.2 or later).

Known Installation Issues On MacOS Before 10.14.4

Starting with SwiftLint 0.32.0, if you get an error similar to dyld: Symbol not found: _$s11SubSequenceSlTl when running SwiftLint, you'll need to install the Swift 5 Runtime Support for Command Line Tools.

Alternatively, you can:

  • Update to macOS 10.14.4 or later
  • Install Xcode 10.2 or later at /Applications/Xcode.app
  • Rebuild SwiftLint from source using Xcode 10.2 or later

Usage

Presentation

To get a high-level overview of recommended ways to integrate SwiftLint into your project, we encourage you to watch this presentation or read the transcript:

Presentation

Xcode

Integrate SwiftLint into an Xcode scheme to get warnings and errors displayed in the IDE. Just add a new "Run Script Phase" with:

if which swiftlint >/dev/null; then
  swiftlint
else
  echo "warning: SwiftLint not installed, download from https://github.com/realm/SwiftLint"
fi

Alternatively, if you've installed SwiftLint via CocoaPods the script should look like this:

"${PODS_ROOT}/SwiftLint/swiftlint"

Format on Save Xcode Plugin

To run swiftlint autocorrect on save in Xcode, install the SwiftLintXcode plugin from Alcatraz.

⚠️This plugin will not work with Xcode 8 or later without disabling SIP. This is not recommended.

AppCode

To integrate SwiftLint with AppCode, install this plugin and configure SwiftLint's installed path in the plugin's preferences. The autocorrect action is available via ⌥⏎.

Atom

To integrate SwiftLint with Atom, install the linter-swiftlint package from APM.

fastlane

You can use the official swiftlint fastlane action to run SwiftLint as part of your fastlane process.

swiftlint(
    mode: :lint,                            # SwiftLint mode: :lint (default) or :autocorrect
    executable: "Pods/SwiftLint/swiftlint", # The SwiftLint binary path (optional). Important if you've installed it via CocoaPods
    path: "/path/to/lint",                  # Specify path to lint (optional)
    output_file: "swiftlint.result.json",   # The path of the output file (optional)
    reporter: "json",                       # The custom reporter to use (optional)
    config_file: ".swiftlint-ci.yml",       # The path of the configuration file (optional)
    files: [                                # List of files to process (optional)
        "AppDelegate.swift",
        "path/to/project/Model.swift"
    ],
    ignore_exit_status: true,               # Allow fastlane to continue even if SwiftLint returns a non-zero exit status (Default: false)
    quiet: true,                            # Don't print status logs like 'Linting ' & 'Done linting' (Default: false)
    strict: true                            # Fail on warnings? (Default: false)
)

Command Line

$ swiftlint help
Available commands:

   analyze         [Experimental] Run analysis rules
   autocorrect     Automatically correct warnings and errors
   generate-docs   Generates markdown documentation for all rules
   help            Display general or command-specific help
   lint            Print lint warnings and errors (default command)
   rules           Display the list of rules and their identifiers
   version         Display the current version of SwiftLint

Run swiftlint in the directory containing the Swift files to lint. Directories will be searched recursively.

To specify a list of files when using lint, autocorrect or analyze (like the list of files modified by Xcode specified by the ExtraBuildPhase Xcode plugin, or modified files in the working tree based on git ls-files -m), you can do so by passing the option --use-script-input-files and setting the following instance variables: SCRIPT_INPUT_FILE_COUNT and SCRIPT_INPUT_FILE_0, SCRIPT_INPUT_FILE_1...SCRIPT_INPUT_FILE_{SCRIPT_INPUT_FILE_COUNT}.

These are same environment variables set for input files to custom Xcode script phases.

Working With Multiple Swift Versions

SwiftLint hooks into SourceKit so it continues working even as Swift evolves!

This also keeps SwiftLint lean, as it doesn't need to ship with a full Swift compiler, it just communicates with the official one you already have installed on your machine.

You should always run SwiftLint with the same toolchain you use to compile your code.

You may want to override SwiftLint's default Swift toolchain if you have multiple toolchains or Xcodes installed.

Here's the order in which SwiftLint determines which Swift toolchain to use:

  • $XCODE_DEFAULT_TOOLCHAIN_OVERRIDE
  • $TOOLCHAIN_DIR or $TOOLCHAINS
  • xcrun -find swift
  • /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain
  • /Applications/Xcode-beta.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain
  • ~/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain
  • ~/Applications/Xcode-beta.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain

sourcekitd.framework is expected to be found in the usr/lib/ subdirectory of the value passed in the paths above.

You may also set the TOOLCHAINS environment variable to the reverse-DNS notation that identifies a Swift toolchain version:

$ TOOLCHAINS=com.apple.dt.toolchain.Swift_2_3 swiftlint autocorrect

On Linux, SourceKit is expected to be located in /usr/lib/libsourcekitdInProc.so or specified by the LINUX_SOURCEKIT_LIB_PATH environment variable.

Swift Version Support

Here's a reference of which SwiftLint version to use for a given Swift version.

| Swift version | Last supported SwiftLint release | |:----------------|:---------------------------------| | Swift 1.x | SwiftLint 0.1.2 | | Swift 2.x | SwiftLint 0.18.1 | | Swift 3.x | SwiftLint 0.25.1 | | Swift 4.0-4.1.x | SwiftLint 0.28.2 | | Swift 4.2.x | SwiftLint 0.35.0 | | Swift 5.x | Latest |

Rules

Over 75 rules are included in SwiftLint and the Swift community (that's you!) continues to contribute more over time. Pull requests are encouraged.

You can find an updated list of rules and more information about them in Rules.md.

You can also check Source/SwiftLintFramework/Rules directory to see their implementation.

Opt-In Rules

opt_in_rules are disabled by default (i.e., you have to explicitly enable them in your configuration file).

Guidelines on when to mark a rule as opt-in:

  • A rule that can have many false positives (e.g. empty_count)
  • A rule that is too slow
  • A rule that is not general consensus or is only useful in some cases (e.g. force_unwrapping)

Disable rules in code

Rules can be disabled with a comment inside a source file with the following format:

// swiftlint:disable <rule1> [<rule2> <rule3>...]

The rules will be disabled until the end of the file or until the linter sees a matching enable comment:

// swiftlint:enable <rule1> [<rule2> <rule3>...]

For example:

// swiftlint:disable colon
let noWarning :String = "" // No warning about colons immediately after variable names!
// swiftlint:enable colon
let hasWarning :String = "" // Warning generated about colons immediately after variable names

Including the all keyword will disable all rules until the linter sees a matching enable comment:

// swiftlint:disable all // swiftlint:enable all

For example:

// swiftlint:disable all
let noWarning :String = "" // No warning about colons immediately after variable names!
let i = "" // Also no warning about short identifier names
// swiftlint:enable all
let hasWarning :String = "" // Warning generated about colons immediately after variable names
let y = "" // Warning generated about short identifier names

It's also possible to modify a disable or enable command by appending :previous, :this or :next for only applying the command to the previous, this (current) or next line respectively.

For example:

// swiftlint:disable:next force_cast
let noWarning = NSNumber() as! Int
let hasWarning = NSNumber() as! Int
let noWarning2 = NSNumber() as! Int // swiftlint:disable:this force_cast
let noWarning3 = NSNumber() as! Int
// swiftlint:disable:previous force_cast

Run swiftlint rules to print a list of all available rules and their identifiers.

Configuration

Configure SwiftLint by adding a .swiftlint.yml file from the directory you'll run SwiftLint from. The following parameters can be configured:

Rule inclusion:

  • disabled_rules: Disable rules from the default enabled set.
  • opt_in_rules: Enable rules not from the default set.
  • whitelist_rules: Acts as a whitelist, only the rules specified in this list will be enabled. Can not be specified alongside disabled_rules or opt_in_rules.
  • analyzer_rules: This is an entirely separate list of rules that are only run by the analyze command. All analyzer rules are opt-in, so this is the only configurable rule list (there is no disabled/whitelist equivalent).
disabled_rules: # rule identifiers to exclude from running
  - colon
  - comma
  - control_statement
opt_in_rules: # some rules are only opt-in
  - empty_count
  # Find all the available rules by running:
  # swiftlint rules
included: # paths to include during linting. `--path` is ignored if present.
  - Source
excluded: # paths to ignore during linting. Takes precedence over `included`.
  - Carthage
  - Pods
  - Source/ExcludedFolder
  - Source/ExcludedFile.swift
  - Source/*/ExcludedFile.swift # Exclude files with a wildcard
analyzer_rules: # Rules run by `swiftlint analyze` (experimental)
  - explicit_self

# configurable rules can be customized from this configuration file
# binary rules can set their severity level
force_cast: warning # implicitly
force_try:
  severity: warning # explicitly
# rules that have both warning and error levels, can set just the warning level
# implicitly
line_length: 110
# they can set both implicitly with an array
type_body_length:
  - 300 # warning
  - 400 # error
# or they can set both explicitly
file_length:
  warning: 500
  error: 1200
# naming rules can set warnings/errors for min_length and max_length
# additionally they can set excluded names
type_name:
  min_length: 4 # only warning
  max_length: # warning and error
    warning: 40
    error: 50
  excluded: iPhone # excluded via string
  allowed_symbols: ["_"] # these are allowed in type names
identifier_name:
  min_length: # only min_length
    error: 4 # only error
  excluded: # excluded via string array
    - id
    - URL
    - GlobalAPIKey
reporter: "xcode" # reporter type (xcode, json, csv, checkstyle, junit, html, emoji, sonarqube, markdown)

You can also use environment variables in your configuration file, by using ${SOME_VARIABLE} in a string.

Defining Custom Rules

You can define custom regex-based rules in your configuration file using the following syntax:

custom_rules:
  pirates_beat_ninjas: # rule identifier
    included: ".*\\.swift" # regex that defines paths to include during linting. optional.
    excluded: ".*Test\\.swift" # regex that defines paths to exclude during linting. optional
    name: "Pirates Beat Ninjas" # rule name. optional.
    regex: "([n,N]inja)" # matching pattern
    match_kinds: # SyntaxKinds to match. optional.
      - comment
      - identifier
    message: "Pirates are better than ninjas." # violation message. optional.
    severity: error # violation severity. optional.
  no_hiding_in_strings:
    regex: "([n,N]inja)"
    match_kinds: string

This is what the output would look like:

You can filter the matches by providing one or more match_kinds, which will reject matches that include syntax kinds that are not present in this list. Here are all the possible syntax kinds:

  • argument
  • attribute.builtin
  • attribute.id
  • buildconfig.id
  • buildconfig.keyword
  • comment
  • comment.mark
  • comment.url
  • doccomment
  • doccomment.field
  • identifier
  • keyword
  • number
  • objectliteral
  • parameter
  • placeholder
  • string
  • string_interpolation_anchor
  • typeidentifier

If using custom rules alongside a whitelist, make sure to add custom_rules as an item under whitelist_rules.

Nested Configurations

SwiftLint supports nesting configuration files for more granular control over the linting process.

  • Include additional .swiftlint.yml files where necessary in your directory structure.
  • Each file will be linted using the configuration file that is in its directory or at the deepest level of its parent directories. Otherwise the root configuration will be used.
  • included is ignored for nested configurations.

Auto-correct

SwiftLint can automatically correct certain violations. Files on disk are overwritten with a corrected version.

Please make sure to have backups of these files before running swiftlint autocorrect, otherwise important data may be lost.

Standard linting is disabled while correcting because of the high likelihood of violations (or their offsets) being incorrect after modifying a file while applying corrections.

Analyze (experimental)

The experimental swiftlint analyze command can lint Swift files using the full type-checked AST. The compiler log path containing the clean swiftc build command invocation (incremental builds will fail) must be passed to analyze via the --compiler-log-path flag. e.g. --compiler-log-path /path/to/xcodebuild.log

This can be obtained by running xcodebuild -workspace {WORKSPACE}.xcworkspace -scheme {SCHEME} > xcodebuild.log with a clean DerivedData folder.

This command and related code in SwiftLint is subject to substantial changes at any time while this feature is marked as experimental. Analyzer rules also tend to be considerably slower than lint rules.

License

MIT licensed.

About

SwiftLint is maintained and funded by Realm Inc. The names and logos for Realm are trademarks of Realm Inc.

We :heart: open source software! See our other open source projects, read our blog, or say hi on twitter (@realm).

Our thanks to MacStadium for providing a Mac Mini to run our performance tests.

Github

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Releases

0.37.0 - Nov 9, 2019

Breaking

  • Replace the [String: SourceKittenRepresentable] dictionaries used in public SwiftLintFramework APIs with a new SourceKittenDictionary wrapper over dictionaries returned from SourceKitten.
    PaulTaykalo #2922

  • Update Commandant dependency to version 0.17.0, removing the antitypical/Result dependency in favor of the Swift standard library's Result type.
    JP Simard

Experimental

  • None.

Enhancements

  • Speed up many operations by using SwiftLintFile wrapper over File from SourceKitten, caching most members derived from the File.
    PaulTaykalo #2929

  • Speed up Swiftlint by using swift enums instead of raw values for dictionary lookups.
    PaulTaykalo #2924

  • Speed up Identical Operands rule by using syntaxmap instead of regular expressions.
    PaulTaykalo #2918

  • Speed up syntax token lookups, which can improve performance when linting large files.
    PaulTaykalo
    #2916

  • Use faster comparison in 'file_types_order' rule.
    PaulTaykalo #2949

  • Speed up recursively executed rules (all AST rules and some others) by avoiding the creation of many intermediate collections when accumulating results.
    PaulTaykalo #2951

  • Add GitHub Actions Logging reporter (github-actions-logging).
    Norio Nomura

Bug Fixes

  • None.

0.36.0 - Oct 24, 2019

Breaking

  • SwiftLint now requires Swift 5.0 or higher to build.
    JP Simard

Experimental

  • None.

Enhancements

  • Add contains_over_range_nil_comparison opt-in rule to prefer using contains over comparison of range(of:) to nil.
    Colton Schlosser #2776

  • Make contains_over_first_not_nil rule also match first(where:) == nil.
    Colton Schlosser

  • Add two new cases to the Mark rule to detect a Mark using three slashes.
    nvanfleet #2866

  • Add flatmap_over_map_reduce opt-in rule to prefer using flatMap over map { ... }.reduce([], +).
    Marcelo Fabri #2883

  • Add autocorrection to syntactic_sugar.
    Ivan Vavilov

  • Make toggle_bool rule substitution correctable.
    MaxHaertwig

  • Optimize the performance of redundant_void_return rule.
    Marcelo Fabri

  • Support building with Swift 5.1 on Linux.
    Marcelo Fabri #2874

  • Add raw_value_for_camel_cased_codable_enum opt-in rule to enforce raw values for camel cased Codable String enum cases.
    Marko Pejovic #2888

  • Speedup LetVarWhiteSpacesRule.
    PaulTaykalo #2901

Bug Fixes

  • Fix running analyzer rules on the output of builds performed with Xcode 11 or later.
    JP Simard

0.35.0 - Sep 3, 2019

This is the last release to support building with Swift 4.2.x.

Breaking

  • None.

Experimental

  • None.

Enhancements

  • Type name rules considers SwiftUI template code.
    atfelix #2791

  • Add no_space_in_method_call rule to validate that there're no spaces between the method name and parentheses in a method call.
    Marcelo Fabri

  • Add contains_over_filter_count opt-in rule to warn against using expressions like filter(where:).count > 0 instead of contains(where:).
    Marcelo Fabri #2803

  • Add contains_over_filter_is_empty opt-in rule to warn against using expressions like filter(where:).isEmpty instead of contains(where:).
    Marcelo Fabri

  • Add empty_collection_literal opt-in rule to prefer using isEmpty to comparison to [] or [:].
    Colton Schlosser #2807

Bug Fixes

0.34.0 - Jul 19, 2019

Breaking

  • To enable collecting rules, many breaking changes to SwiftLintFramework's public API were made the Linter type was significantely changed, and a new CollectedLinter type was introduced. Many public SwiftLintFramework APIs that interacted with Linter have also been affected. More new types and protocols were added such as RuleStorage, AnyCollectingRule, CollectingRule, CollectingCorrectableRule. We are not aware of any significant users of the SwiftLintFramework library, so if you are affected by this, please reach out to SwiftLint contributors by filing a GitHub issue about your use case.
    Elliott Williams JP Simard

Experimental

  • Add a two-stage CollectingRule protocol to support rules that collect data from all files before validating. Collecting rules implement a collect method which is called once for every file, before any file is checked for violations. By collecting, rules can be written which validate across multiple files for things like unused declarations.
    Elliott Williams #2431

  • Add a new unused_declaration analyzer rule to lint for unused declarations. By default, detects unused fileprivate, private and internal declarations. Configure the rule with include_public_and_open: true to also detect unused public and open declarations.
    JP Simard

  • Completely remove the unused_private_declaration rule. Please use unused_declaration instead.
    JP Simard

Enhancements

  • None.

Bug Fixes

  • None.

0.33.1 - Jul 8, 2019

Breaking

  • None.

Experimental

  • None.

Enhancements

  • Significantly improve performance when running with a large number of cached configurations or when running with many cached results. This was done by splitting each configuration to have its own cache and by encoding the cache as a binary property list instead of json.
    Colton Schlosser JP Simard

  • Several public types in SwiftLintFramework have added Codable conformance: Location, RuleDescription, RuleKind, StyleViolation, SwiftVersion, ViolationSeverity.
    JP Simard

  • Print full relative path to file in log output when it matches the file name of another path being linted.
    Keith Smiley

Bug Fixes

  • Don't trigger vertical_parameter_alignment violations when using parameters with attributes such as @ViewBuilder in function declarations.
    Marcelo Fabri #2792

  • Fix false positive in function_default_parameter_at_end rule when using a closure parameter with default value.
    Marcelo Fabri #2788